In the early phase of MI, CF proliferation prevents cardiac rupture
, improves the survival rate, and promotes cardiac repair., Some studies have shown that ATF3 deficiency was associated with more fibrosis, which was higher in the ATF3-null mice.
Changes in hospital mortality rates in 425 patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction and cardiac rupture
over a 30-year period.
is only rarely depicted on CT due to its immediate grave prognosis; however, it is an entity which should not be neglected as timely management is critical.
The patients may have clinical manifestations as arrhythmias (Including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation), ventricular dysfunction with congestive heart failure, acute valvular involvement with regurgitation, ventricular aneurysm with thrombus formation, pericardial effusion with or without pericardial tamponade, intracardiac structural damage, or cardiac rupture
With a view to assessing the current incidence and risk factors for cardiac rupture
, we studied the AMI patients admitted between January and December 2013 in Georgescu Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, but only 17 patients had cardiac rupture
Blunt cardiac trauma may lead to contused myocardium (showing muscle necrosis, edema, and hemorrhage), complex arrhythmia, cardiac rupture
, coronary artery laceration, pericardial laceration, shock, and sudden death (4,24).
is a rare event, with only a few cases reported in the literature (8).