Syncope

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Related to cardiac syncope: syncope, vasovagal syncope

syncope

[′siŋ·kə·pē]
(medicine)
Swooning or fainting; temporary suspension of consciousness.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Syncope

 

(fainting), an attack of weakness, dizziness, and darkening before the eyes. Caused by temporary cerebral anemia, syncope is followed by loss of consciousness, which may not be complete.

The causes of syncope are reflexive lowering of blood vessel tone during cardiovascular disease, loss of blood, or such external influences as pain, fear, anxiety, abrupt change from horizontal to vertical position, and insufficient fresh air. During an attack the patient is pale, his body is cold to the touch, and his breathing is shallow and infrequent.

Syncope lasts several seconds or minutes and usually passes spontaneously. If it persists, the patient should be placed on his back with his feet elevated, his collar and belt should be loosened to ensure circulation of fresh air, and his face should be sprinkled with cold water and his feet warmed with hot-water bottles; these measures will restore consciousness more quickly. If possible, the patient should be given strong, hot, sweetened tea, be propped up, and be helped to sit up. He should be allowed to stand only when he is in a satisfactory state. Syncope may be a symptom of serious disease; if it occurs, a medical examination is desirable.


Syncope

 

in linguistics, the loss of a sound or group of sounds in a word, especially between stops, for example, Latin calidus> caldus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At initial evaluation, patients were risk stratified in terms of cardiac syncope with Evaluation of Guidelines in Syncope Study-Multivariate (EGSYS-M) score which consists of six items: palpitations preceding syncope (4 points), history of heart disease or abnormal electrocardiogram in the ED (3 points), syncope during effort (3 points) or while supine (2 points), precipitating or predisposing factors (-1 point), and autonomic prodrome (-1 point).
Thus, post-hoc power analyses were performed with the existing number of samples (n=100) to determine the relationship between cardiac syncope and H-FABP (Table1).
Among them, cause of syncope had not been determined in 15(27.8%), while 12(22.2%) were diagnosed as cardiac syncope. Overall, 22(22%) patients were diagnosed as cardiac syncope and of these, 5(22.72%) presented as near-syncope, and 17(77.28%) as syncope.
Among the 22 diagnosed with cardiac syncope, 13(59.1%) had a positive and 9(40.9%) had a negative H-FABP result (Table 1).
There was no statistically significant difference in terms of gender, age and comorbidities between H-FABP positive and negative patients diagnosed as cardiac syncope (p=0.666; p=0.535; and p=0.655).
Combined measurement of H-FABP and troponin was found to be statistically significant at diagnosing cardiac syncope compared to measurement of either marker alone (p=0.021).
cardiac syncope).7 Near-syncope, on the other hand, is an inadequately emphasised symptom, but can be an indicator of serious underlying conditions such as cardiac origin leading to mortality and morbidity.8
Cardiac syncope can be a result of arrhythmic or non-arrhythmic mechanisms and the relationships between H-FABP were mentioned above.
Yet, we were able to show some statistically significant results suggesting the value of H-FABP in timely diagnosis of cardiac syncope. Finally, although HFABP was evaluated in cardiovascular diseases before, we could not design a clear Discussion section since H-FABP has not been studied in cardiac syncope.