Syncope

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Related to cardiac syncope: syncope, vasovagal syncope

syncope

[′siŋ·kə·pē]
(medicine)
Swooning or fainting; temporary suspension of consciousness.

Syncope

 

(fainting), an attack of weakness, dizziness, and darkening before the eyes. Caused by temporary cerebral anemia, syncope is followed by loss of consciousness, which may not be complete.

The causes of syncope are reflexive lowering of blood vessel tone during cardiovascular disease, loss of blood, or such external influences as pain, fear, anxiety, abrupt change from horizontal to vertical position, and insufficient fresh air. During an attack the patient is pale, his body is cold to the touch, and his breathing is shallow and infrequent.

Syncope lasts several seconds or minutes and usually passes spontaneously. If it persists, the patient should be placed on his back with his feet elevated, his collar and belt should be loosened to ensure circulation of fresh air, and his face should be sprinkled with cold water and his feet warmed with hot-water bottles; these measures will restore consciousness more quickly. If possible, the patient should be given strong, hot, sweetened tea, be propped up, and be helped to sit up. He should be allowed to stand only when he is in a satisfactory state. Syncope may be a symptom of serious disease; if it occurs, a medical examination is desirable.


Syncope

 

in linguistics, the loss of a sound or group of sounds in a word, especially between stops, for example, Latin calidus> caldus.

References in periodicals archive ?
Cardiac syncope has the highest mortality and morbidity rates among all types of syncope and aetiology consists of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), arrhythmias and structural heart diseases.
6 In PubMed and Medline databases we found no studies that investigated the correlation between cardiac syncope and H-FABP.
Left undiagnosed and untreated, cardiac syncope can lead to injuries, accidents and death.
Cardiac syncope is the most dangerous form of syncope, but it is also probably the least common--about 8%-10% of all syncope is cardiac in nature, Dr.
Persons with cardiac syncope constitute a high-risk group predisposed to morbidity and premature mortality from cardiovascular disease who should be monitored closely," they said.
In another study about the diagnosis of syncope published in The New England Journal of Medicine in September 2002, researchers found that 10 percent of study participants with cardiac syncope would have died in six months without proper diagnosis and treatment for their cardiac condition.