cardiopulmonary bypass


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Related to cardiopulmonary bypass: cardioplegia

cardiopulmonary bypass

[¦kärd·ē·ō′pu̇l·mə‚ner·ē ′bī·pas]
(medicine)
A surgical technique for avoiding circulation of the blood through the heart and lungs by directing the flow from the entrance of the right atrium, conditioning it by mechanical means, and reentering it at the aorta.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In routine surgical practice, LIMA is harvested before establishing extracorporeal circulation or cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients with severe multi-vessel CAD and tight Left main stem stenosis can become unstable during induction of anesthesia or during surgery.8Routine clinical practice in these patients is to establish urgent cardiopulmonary bypass, and only vein conduit is used to bypass all significant coronary stenotic lesions which is easy and rapid to harvest in such scenario.
Effects of propofol on mean arterial and systemic vascular resistance during cardiopulmonary bypass. Acta Anaesthesiol.
In addition, activated white blood cells in blood cardioplegia are one of the main factors that cause systemic inflammatory response syndrome induced by cardiopulmonary bypass.
[99] investigated the antioxidant capacity of two different prime solutions for cardiopulmonary bypass in neonates: albumin or fresh frozen plasma based.
The inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass: part 1 – Mechanisms of pathogenesis.
Plasmin generation and D-dimer formation during cardiopulmonary bypass. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis.
Table 2 shows the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on bilirubin and liver enzyme levels in terms of comparison between their average values pre and post-operatively.
Accordingly we hypothesized that urinary alkalization might protect kidney function in patients at increased risk of acute renal dysfunction undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass and conducted a randomized controlled trial with perioperative sodium bicarbonate infusion.
[23] found leukocyte depletion before ECC significantly attenuated both myocardial and lung injuries induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. In patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, a short-term leukocyte depletion significantly improved organ function and outcomes [24].
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