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  1. the sequence(s) ofprofessional or occupational positions in the life course of an individual.
  2. (by analogy with 1) any individual pattern or progression in a nonoccupational life course, e.g., the ‘deviant career’ of the drug user (BECKER, 1953) or the MORAL CAREER of the mental patient (GOFFMAN, 1964).
Occupational careers may either consist of a sequenced progression in terms of a hierarchy of status and income (as typical of many middle-class careers, see PROFESSIONS), or lack any clear structure or progression, as is more usual for manual workers. Gender differences affecting access to careers has been a recent topic of importance in the sociology of labour markets (e.g. Dex, 1985). See LABOUR MARKET, DUAL LABOUR MARKET.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



rapid and successful advancement in various fields, including public, scientific, and office work; the attainment of recognition, honor, or material rewards. The word “career” is also used to define a type of occupation or profession, such as a career artist or a career doctor. Careerism is the pursuit of personal success in office, scientific, or other work. It is mercenary in its aims and a detriment to the public interest.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Students also learn about many career possibilities they may have never considered by conducting informational interviews or participating in career-related field trips or similar activities.
To aid in career exploration, hold a career course fair for middle school students and parents so that they can participate in handson activities with high school students and relevant industry partners to determine what career-related courses are available to them at the high school level.
(2005) defined career success as the accomplishment of a desirable work-related outcome at any point in an individual's work experience, and found that career success was measurable both subjectively and objectively.
Career competencies are the competencies that are valued within an individual's chosen career.
Particularly, one of the objectives of career counseling services is to facilitate the clients' career search activities and to help them make appropriate career decisions.
According to Lent, Brown, and Hackett (1994), exposure to new experiences plays a significant role because it is the first stage to boost the career development process.
Recently, Careers New Zealand (2011b) has developed career education benchmarks for use in secondary school career programs.
(2006), "The Careers of Research Scientists: Predictors of Three Dimensions of Career Commitment and Intention to Leave Science", Personnel Review, 35 (3): 229-51.
This paper aims to analyze and discuss career-related opportunities associated with effective mentoring, factors that can negatively affect the career and workforce development of individuals with learning disabilities, subjective aspects of career success, career counseling in the university setting, and differences in the career advancement of men and women.
By combining in-depth data with current information, the job outlook and trends found in the site very much reflect today's career landscape.