soma

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soma

(sō`mə), psychotropic plant, the juice of which was sometimes drunk as part of the Vedic sacrifice (see VedaVeda
[Sanskrit,=knowledge, cognate with English wit, from a root meaning know], oldest scriptures of Hinduism and the most ancient religious texts in an Indo-European language.
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). Many hymns in the Rig-Veda are in praise of soma. In the late Vedic period substitutes for soma came to be used, and the original plant was lost. It has recently been identified with the fly agaric mushroom, Amanita muscaria, used in Siberian shamanism.

Bibliography

See R. G. Wasson, Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality (1971).

Soma

 

a term introduced by the German zoologist A. Weismann to designate the body of an organism, in contrast to the germ plasm, that is transmitted from generation to generation through the sex cells (seeGERM TRACK). Weismann maintained that the soma could not affect the characteristics of the germ plasm. The differentiation of an organism into soma and germ plasm (the hereditary substance) proves that it is impossible to inherit characteristics acquired as a result of environmental conditions during an organism’s development (seeACQUIRED CHARACTER). The adjective “somatic” is used to indicate physical phenomena as opposed to phenomena of a psychological nature.

soma

[′sō·mə]
(biology)
The whole of the body of an individual, excluding the germ tract.

soma

drug that induces forgetfulness. [Br. Lit.: Brave New World]
References in periodicals archive ?
marketing rights for 250 mg generic carisoprodol tablets.
She was able to stop the oxycodone and carisoprodol after 2 months of the sertraline and several sessions of somatic experiencing, and she remains pain-free.
As outras associacoes observadas apresentam como principal objetivo a potencializacao ou soma dos efeitos beneficos de acordo com a sintomatologia, como se verifica, por exemplo, na associacao entre AINE e farmacos relaxantes musculares de acao central (carisoprodol), que deprimem seletivamente a parte do SNC que controla o tonus muscular, sendo adjuvantes no repouso, psicoterapia e mal-estar produzidos por espasmos muscoesqueleticos dolorosos e localizados.
Somadril contains carisoprodol (mainly a muscle relaxant), paracetamol (an analgesic) and caffeine (a stimulant).
Compound classification of 41 pain-management drugs Benzodiazepines Opiates Opiates (Semi-Synthetic) (Synthetic) [alpha]-Hydroxyalprazolam 6-MAM EDDP Alprazolam Buprenorphine Fentanyl Clonazepam Codeine Meperidine Diazepam Hydrocodone Methadone Flunitrazepam Hydromorphone Naltrexone Flurazepam Morphine Norfentanyl Lorazepam Naloxone Normeperidine Midazolam Norbuprenorphine Norpropoxyphene Nordiazepam Oxycodone Propoxyphene Oxazepam Oxymorphone Sufentanil Temazepam Benzodiazepines Drugs of Abuse Other [alpha]-Hydroxyalprazolam Amphetamine Carisoprodol Alprazolam Benzoylecgonine Meprobamate Clonazepam Methamphetamine Tramadol Diazepam MDMA Flunitrazepam MDA Flurazepam MDEA Lorazepam Phencyclidine Midazolam Nordiazepam Oxazepam Temazepam Table 3.
the use of controlled substances, tramadol, carisoprodol, or other drugs
In the study by Mattoo et al, (5) concurrent use of other substances was reported in 72% of participants, and were most commonly benzodiazepines (42%), opioids (12%), alcohol (10%), or combinations of these and / or carisoprodol (36%), a muscle relaxant with sedative properties.
Pharmaceutical company ACETO Corporation (NasdaqGS:ACET) said on Monday that it has unveiled the 200mg/325mg strengths of Carisoprodol and Aspirin Tablets, USP, an FDA approved generic version of Meda Pharmaceutical's Soma Compound with Aspirin Tablets, and 10/gr Sodium Bicarbonate Tablets, USP.
Emergency department visits for misuse of the muscle relaxant carisoprodol rose by nearly 40% from 2004 to 2009 in children aged 12-17 years, according to a government report.
The Ashworth Scale (AS) was developed more than 45 years ago to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the antispasticity medication carisoprodol in multiple sclerosis patients (Ashworth, 1964).
Drug Usage methadone opioid pain reliever oxycodone opioid pain reliever butalbital barbiturate carisoprodol muscle relaxant metaxalone muscle relaxant diazepam tranquilizer phendimetrazine amphetamine
Statistically significant increases also were noted for ED visits involving the sleep aid Zolpidem and the muscle relaxant carisoprodol.