carmine


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carmine

a. a vivid red colour, sometimes with a purplish tinge
b. (as adjective): carmine paint
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carmine

 

a red dye extracted from the bodies of wingless female cochineal insects. Carmine, a complex organic carminic acid, is extracted from the insects with hot water and acetic acid. It is soluble in water and alkalies. One gram of carmine is obtained from 150-175 insects. Carmine is used as a food coloring and a cosmetic dye. It is also used to stain microscopic specimens.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Second, the study reports the use of dyes derived from the natural dye Nocheztli (carminic acid) and carmine, in the design and innovation of two DSSCs: (a) Sn[O.sub.2]: F/Ti[O.sub.2.sup.b]/Ti[O.sub.2.sup.m]/carminic acid/redox ([I.sub.-]/[I.sub.3.sup.-])/Pt/Sn[O.sub.2]:F and (b) Sn[O.sub.2]:F/Ti[O.sub.2.sup.b]/Ti[O.sub.2.sup.m]/carmine/redox (T /If)/Pt/Sn[O.sub.2]:F.