carnivore


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carnivore

(kär`nəvôr'), term commonly applied to any animal whose diet consists wholly or largely of animal matter. In animal systematics it refers to members of the mammalian order Carnivora (see ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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). This large order is divided into two suborders, the Fissipedia, or land carnivores, and the Pinnipedia, or fin-footed carnivores. The Fissipedia encompasses two superfamilies: one (Canoidea) includes the dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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, bearbear,
large mammal of the family Ursidae in the order Carnivora, found almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere. Bears have large heads, bulky bodies, massive hindquarters, short, powerful limbs, very short tails, and coarse, thick fur.
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, raccoonraccoon,
nocturnal New World mammal of the genus Procyon. The common raccoon of North America, Procyon lotor, also called coon, is found from S Canada to South America, except in parts of the Rocky Mts. and in deserts.
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, and weaselweasel,
name for certain small, lithe, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae (weasel family). Members of this family are generally characterized by long bodies and necks, short legs, small rounded ears, and medium to long tails.
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 families and the other (Feloidea) includes the catcat,
name applied broadly to the carnivorous mammals constituting the family Felidae, and specifically to the domestic cat, Felis catus. The great roaring cats, the lion, tiger, and leopard are anatomically very similar to one another and constitute the genus
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, civetcivet
or civet cat,
any of a large group of mostly nocturnal mammals of the Old World family Viverridae (civet family), which also includes the mongoose. Civets are not true cats, but the civet family is related to the cat family (Felidae).
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, and hyenahyena
, carnivorous, chiefly nocturnal mammal of the Old World family Hyaenidae. Although doglike in appearance, hyenas are more closely related to civets (family Viverridae) and cats (family Felidae) than to dogs (family Canidae).
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 families. The Pinnipedia, often classified as a separate order, includes the sealseal,
carnivorous aquatic mammal with front and hind feet modified as flippers, or fin-feet. The name seal is sometimes applied broadly to any of the fin-footed mammals, or pinnipeds, including the walrus, the eared seals (sea lion and fur seal), and the true seals, also called
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, sea lionsea lion,
fin-footed marine mammal of the eared seal family (Otariidae). Like the other member of this family, the fur seal, the sea lion is distinguished from the true seal by its external ears, long, flexible neck, supple forelimbs, and hind flippers that can be turned forward
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, and walruswalrus,
marine mammal, Odobenus rosmarus, found in Arctic seas. Largest of the fin-footed mammals, or pinnipeds (see seal), the walrus is also distinguished by its long tusks and by cheek pads bearing quill-like bristles.
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 families. The term herbivore refers to animals whose diets consist wholly or largely of plant matter; omnivore refers to animals that eat both animal and plant matter. Unlike the term carnivore, these terms do not refer to any one group in animal systematics.

Bibliography

See R. F. Ewer, The Carnivores (1986); J. L. Gittleman, Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution (1989).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

carnivore

1. any placental mammal of the order Carnivora, typically having large pointed canine teeth and sharp molars and premolars, specialized for eating flesh. The order includes cats, dogs, bears, raccoons, hyenas, civets, and weasels
2. any other animal or any plant that feeds on animals
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Carnivore

A network analyzer used by the FBI that analyzes email packets of suspected criminals. Officially known as DCS100, FBI agents bring Windows 2000 PCs with the Carnivore software installed into an ISP and plug them into a switch port. Carnivore was designed to capture all email packets as they originated as well as be able to hone in on just the suspected user without reading packets from others. See network analyzer.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Consistent with a long history of industry firsts, Carnivore Meat Company continues to expand its lines of new and unique freeze-dried products for cats and dogs.
Hyaenodonts were the first mammalian carnivores in Africa.
On the contrary, the Carnivore (0.11 +- 0.06 birds ha-1) were the rarest guild in the marsh swamp habitat (Table 1 and 2).
Ian Goodwin, animal collection manager (hoofstock and carnivores), said: "We havean exciting position availablefor an animal team leader to lead our small and dedicated team of carnivore keepers who are committed to providing excellent welfare to our amazing and diverse collection of carnivores.
With salaries starting from PS23,000, the park is looking for a 'coordinator', 'senior coordinator' and 'animal team manager' to work with the carnivores. The successful candidates will be tasked with taking care of a range of animals, including South American bush dogs, Iberian wolves and meerkats.
Christian Kammerer, who led the study, said: "In between these extinctions, there was a complete flip-flop in what roles these carnivores were playing in their ecosystems - as if bears suddenly became weasel-sized and weasels became bear-sized in their place.
DJ E concludes: "Following the success and immense support of the first night I hosted at the Carnivore, I will definitely be organiszing more old School events through my company Mzuka Media Group."
Team manager of carnivores at the zoo Dave Hall said: "Painted dogs are incredibly impressive, beautiful animals and the pups are hugely significant new arrivals.
When African travelers think of fine cuisine, the name 'Carnivore' instantly comes to mind as one of the best dining facilities on the continent, but it is not widely known that the restaurant is also be known for its animal conservation efforts.
The purpose of this research was to update and analyze the distributions and range maps of carnivore species, focusing on the 21 species that are considered at most risk from illegal trade (CITES species), which also include species in national threatened categories, with the exception of Otaria flavescens.