carol

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carol,

popular hymn, of joyful nature, in celebration of an occasion such as May Day, Easter, or Christmas. The earliest English carols date from the 15th cent. The carol is characterized by simplicity of thought and expression. Many are thought to be adaptations of pagan songs. Despite the folk-song character of true carols, many Christmas hymns composed in the 19th cent. have been called carols. The oldest printed carol is the Boar's Head Carol, printed in 1521 by Wynkyn de Worde. Carols of French origin are called noels.

Bibliography

See R. L. Greene, The Early English Carols (1935); E. Routley, The English Carol (1958); P. Dearmer et al., ed., The Oxford Book of Carols (1928, repr. 1964).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carol

 

(Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen), rulers of Rumania.

Carol I. Born Apr. 20, 1839, in Sigmaringen, Germany; died Oct. 10, 1914, in Sinaia, Rumania. Prince of Rumania from 1866 to 1881 and then king. A relative of the Prussian king William I, he was elected prince by a reactionary coalition of landowners and bourgeoisie known as the “monstrous coalition.” His foreign policy was favorable to Germany and Austria-Hungary. In 1883 he concluded a secret treaty of Rumanian adherence to the Triple Alliance of 1882.

Carol II. Born Oct. 15, 1893, in Sinaia, Rumania; died Apr. 4, 1953, in Estoril, Portugal. King from 1930 to 1940. In February 1938 he established a royal dictatorship, abolished political parties and trade unions, and formed the National Renaissance Front, a reactionary, fascist-type organization. In March 1939 he concluded an economic treaty with Germany that was highly unfavorable to Rumania. He also submitted to the Vienna Arbitration of 1940, which took northern Transylvania away from Rumania and granted it to Hungary. In September of that year, however, as the result of growing internal and external opposition, he abdicated and went abroad.

REFERENCE

Tütui, G., and M. Popa. Hohenzollernii in Rominia. Bucharest, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

carol

An area in a cloister set off by screens, partitions, or railings; similar in use to a carrel.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

carol

1. a joyful hymn or religious song, esp one (a Christmas carol) celebrating the birth of Christ
2. Archaic an old English circular dance
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
MIDNIGHT CAROLLERS: The Mellstock Band, at the Royal Spa Centre in Leamington
It always draws a large number of the active local carollers, together with many from outside, who share a delight and fascination with this repertoire.
Yas Island's Yas Hotel will be hosting "our in-house carollers ...
With a once derelict shop transformed into a magical Santa's grotto and carollers filling the streets, community leaders heralded this year's celebrations as the "best yet" and a "fantastic" way to get shoppers flocking back to the area.
The carollers took a collection for 'Andrea''s Gift - a charity for Brain Tumour Research (funds raised to yet be counted) in memory of local man Robert Coupland.
Main Street sparkles with millions of lights, snow falls, carollers sing, there is a sunset ceremony at Sleeping Beauty's Castle and a visit from Santa.
Respectively offering a Spectorised pop rendition of The Christmas Song and a breathy slowed down Wonderful Christmastime, The Raveonettes and singersongwriter Tom McRae are likely to be the most familiar carollers on the former.
She lit a single candle at the foot of the tree then watched as the 1,000 lights on the Christmas tree flickered on, drawing a collective sigh from the carollers in the cathedral.
We followed carollers around the homes of the stars to find out...Jamie and Jules OliverJAMIE and his pregnant wife Jules definitely had the pukka Christmas spirit.
You'll marvel at the biggest Christmas tree you've ever seen and love the enchanting Disney Christmas carollers. And you'll be among the first lucky people to see the new daily Christmas Parade which will pass along Main Street, U.S.A.
CAROLLERS gathered last night at Birmingham Cathedral to celebrate the ancient festival of Santa Lucia' a traditional service in Sweden to celebrate the longest night of the year.