A tiny incision is made in the bottom of the neck and a soft, flexible sheath is placed directly into the carotid artery
Pseudoaneurysm of the common carotid artery
related to ongoing trauma due to retained foreign body is extremely rare, and no such case is reported earlier.
A simplification of Lie's classification system describes three types of collateral pathways in the setting of ICA absence: 1) flow through the circle of Willis, 2) persistent fetal vessels, and 3) branches from the external carotid artery
Supraclinoidal part of the carotid artery
was exposed by Pterional craniotomy.
After giving rise to these branches, it was observed that the left common carotid artery
terminated in the surrounding tissues at the level of the16thcervical vertebra and did not course to the head.
Keywords: Carotid artery
stenosis, Carotid artery
After full heparinization, we opened the aneurysmal sac, occluded the ostium of the external carotid artery
and placed a Pruitt-Inahara shunt between the common and internal carotid arteries, thereby re-establishing blood flow to the brain in less than 3 minutes.
Left internal carotid artery
, left external carotid artery
, and main branches of external carotid artery
were found to be tortuous and dilated with multiple arterial inter-and intramuscular collaterals on left side of neck.
stenosis can be assessed by means of noninvasive high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography of the carotid arteries.
Because the carotid artery
branches into many interconnected smaller arteries, the brain still receives oxygenated blood during the procedure.
History of cerebrovascular accident, hypertension, smoking, diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol (especially LDL), age over 60, female gender, and severe coronary artery disease are the most common risk factors associated with the occurrence of carotid artery
stenosis (Sabeti, S.
ultrasound showed no intima-media thickening, atherosclerotic plaque, or other arterial diseases (e.