carpus

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Related to carpal bone: metacarpal bone, tarsal bone

carpus

1. the technical name for wrist
2. the eight small bones of the human wrist that form the joint between the arm and the hand
3. the corresponding joint in other tetrapod vertebrates
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carpus

 

part of the upper (anterior) pentadactyl extremity of vertebrates, located between the forearm and the metacarpus.

In man, the carpus consists of two rows of small bones connected by intercarpal joints. The first row is made up of the scaphoid, lunate, triquetrous, and pisiform bones, which (except the pisiform) are linked to the radius (radiocarpal joint). The second row, consisting of the larger and smaller multangular, capitate, and unciform bones, is linked to the metacarpal bones (carpometacarpal joint). The carpus increases the mobility of the hand.

In animals, the carpus is the base of the front paw and is located between the antibrachium and the metacarpus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

carpus

[′kär·pəs]
(anatomy)
The wrist in humans or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.
The eight bones of the human wrist.
(invertebrate zoology)
The fifth segment from the base of a generalized crustacean appendage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The joint capsule (JC) was observed in the distal radius and the proximal row of carpal bones, and was characterized as an anechogenic layer over the bone, in accordance with the findings of REEF et al.
Depending on the carpal bones, stopping at one basic rotation is sometimes better than performing two rotations or the full 3D transform.
Neural Network Classifiers Using Features of the RUS and Carpal Bones. Liu et al.
Indeed international shot putts weight 7.26 kg, with the technique requiring significant wrist movement, particularly dorsiflexion, and thus the wrist and carpal bones are placed under considerable forces during this sport.
3) This box was developed to provide a magnified and distorted image of the carpal bones. This is accomplished by the oblique placement of the imaging receptor (IR) in the carpal box.
Bobbyjo was at a veterinary hospital at the Curragh, recovering from an operation on a shattered carpal bone behind his near-fore when he aggravated the injury and was put to sleep on Tuesday.
* Injuries, such as a wrist or forearm fracture or fracture of a carpal bone. These injuries can damage the median nerve.
The differential diagnosis includes scaphoid fracture (especially considering exam findings of snuffbox tenderness), other carpal bone fracture, ligamentous disruption without fracture, carpal bone dislocation.
There is a prepollux reaching from the carpal bone I to the pad, medial of the midline and probably stabilizing the carpus over the digital cushion.
An elephant's carpal bone, located five meters from the pieces of tusk, was also discovered from the same sand layer at the excavation site in the Nafud Desert.
MRI of the wrist revealed a expansile lytic lesion in the left Capitate, without other carpal bone or joint involvement (Fig 2).