carpus

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carpus

1. the technical name for wrist
2. the eight small bones of the human wrist that form the joint between the arm and the hand
3. the corresponding joint in other tetrapod vertebrates
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carpus

 

part of the upper (anterior) pentadactyl extremity of vertebrates, located between the forearm and the metacarpus.

In man, the carpus consists of two rows of small bones connected by intercarpal joints. The first row is made up of the scaphoid, lunate, triquetrous, and pisiform bones, which (except the pisiform) are linked to the radius (radiocarpal joint). The second row, consisting of the larger and smaller multangular, capitate, and unciform bones, is linked to the metacarpal bones (carpometacarpal joint). The carpus increases the mobility of the hand.

In animals, the carpus is the base of the front paw and is located between the antibrachium and the metacarpus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

carpus

[′kär·pəs]
(anatomy)
The wrist in humans or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.
The eight bones of the human wrist.
(invertebrate zoology)
The fifth segment from the base of a generalized crustacean appendage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Computed tomographic documentation of a comminuted fourth carpal bone fractures associated with carpal instability treated by partial carpal arthrodesis in an Arabian Filly.
Statistical group analysis is reported to demonstrate the application of RBM for the comparison of representative carpal bones based on sex and for the comparison of carpal bones of the left and right wrists for individuals.
Neural Network Analysis Based on the Epiphyses and Carpal Bones. The common process for assessment of bone age of the hand wrist bone is to make an outline of the border of the bone and then extract the feature from the outline.
Indeed Afifi and Lu (2011) have previously commented that the overlapping of the carpal bones makes plain radiographs difficult to interpret and this has been supported by previous authors (Sadowski and Montilla, 2008).
(2,3,7) Manual workers tend to have more repetitive trauma to the carpal bones leading to degenerative changes and subsequent loss of lunate blood supply.
In this case, not only scaphoid fracture and rupture of scapholunate ligaments were seen, but also excessive displacement due to severity of trauma resulted in carpal bones free of any ligamentous attachment.
Only a true lateral view will show the dorsal displacement of the metacarpals relative to the carpal bones. This injury needs to be specifically looked for in the multi-trauma patient with an extremely swollen hand where no obvious radiological cause for injury can be identified (Fig.
The back wall of the carpal tunnel is bound by the carpal bones and a band of strong tissue called transverse carpal ligament.
This syndrome is characterized by upper extremity malformations involving radial or carpal bones, and a personal and family history of congenital heart malformation, most commonly ostium secundum atrial septal defect.
These carpal bones in turn articulate with five metacarpal bones.