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Carpentras (kärpäNträsˈ), town, Vaucluse dept., SE France, in Provence. It is an important farm market and a small industrial center. Of Gallo-Roman origin, it was an episcopal see from the 3d cent. and was ruled by its bishops until the French Revolution. The long conclave that elected Pope John XXII met in Carpentras. The town served as the capital of the Comtat Venaissin from 1229 to 1791. Of interest are St. Siffrein Church (15th cent.) and a Gallic arch with sculptures.


carpentry, trade concerned with constructing wood buildings, the wooden portions of buildings, or the temporary timberwork used during the construction of buildings. It comprises the larger and more structural aspects of woodwork, rather than the delicate assembling, which is the province of cabinetmaking and joinery. The craft dates from the earliest use of tools. Though no actual examples of carpentry survive from antiquity, many remains of the earliest known stone architecture exhibit forms that are undoubtedly imitative of still earlier constructions in wood. This is especially apparent in most Asian architecture, and certain details of Greek temples are suggestive of carpentry prototypes. Some monumental wood buildings of the 7th cent. still stand in Japan, a country where intricate, beautiful carpentry has prevailed throughout its history. In the United States, expert carpentry has existed ever since the construction of dwellings by the colonists in the first half of the 17th cent. Rough carpentry refers to the “framing” of a wood building, namely, the erection of the structural frame or skeleton composed of the vertical members, or studs, the horizontal members of foundation sills, floor joists, and the like, the inclined members, or rafters, for the roof, and the diagonal members for bracing. Finished carpentry is the setting in place, over the rough frame, of all finishing members of both exterior and interior, such as sheathing, siding, stairs, the casings of doors and windows, flooring, wainscoting, and trim. The amount of permanent carpentry required in many modern buildings has been greatly reduced by the use of such substitute materials as concrete and steel. However, the large amount of concrete used has resulted in a great increase in the amount of carpentry performed to make temporary forms in which the concrete can be cast. See centering.


See J. Capostosto, Basic Carpentry (2d ed. 1980); W. P. Spence, General Carpentry (1983); W. H. Wagner, Modern Carpentry (rev. ed. 1987).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



work connected with the construction and installation of wood structural elements and parts, as distinguished from cabinet work, which requires a greater degree of care in working with the wood. Carpentry includes work to install wood foundations (including pile foundations), walls, partitions, and floors, as well as such elements of the frames and sheathing of buildings as posts and beams, decking, and subfloors. Carpentry also includes the assembly of trusses and sheathing for wood roofs and the construction of the wood elements of engineering structures, such as bridges, dams, trestles, mine timbers, and power transmission line towers, as well as of temporary structures, such as the scaffolding, erecting frames, and casing that are used. The assembling of ready-cut houses refers to carpentry.

In modern construction work the wood is precut and the basic structural elements and parts for large construction jobs are prefabricated by machine at wood-products plants. These plants are equipped with high-production equipment for sawing, drying, planing, drilling, mortising, and other operations. On small-scale jobs, wood is worked with power tools or by hand, using saws, axes, planes, and chisels. Parts are joined by three basic methods in carpentry: by the use of notches, pins, and waterproof glues. These methods are used to splice, scarf, joint, and join wood elements at various angles and to make other types of connections.

Carpentry involves work with wood, primarily from coniferous species, in the form of logs, squared timbers, boards, planks, plywood, fiberboard, and particle board. To avoid warpage and rot, carpentry parts must be made from wood that is relatively free of such flaws as knots and crossgrainedness and has a moisture content of not more than 15 percent.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A building trade which includes cutting, framing, and joining the timbers or woodwork of a building or structure.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. the art or technique of working wood
2. the work produced by a carpenter; woodwork
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Spivey said it was highly unusual for women to enter the carpentry trade, despite the industry trying to encourage this in recent years.
Upton: Lindsey Brochu (NHS/NTHS), Manufacturing Technology; Taylor Chenevert (NTHS), Health Services; Hayley Clifford (NHS), Business Technology; Stephanie Goodwin (NHS), Drafting; James Hewitt, Plumbing; Angel Lukos Algarin, Graphic Communications; Eli Lurie, Drafting; Alexander MacNeil, Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning/Refrigeration; Nicholas Manguso, Electrical; David O'Brien III, Information Technology; Samantha Oosterman, Carpentry; Julian Picard (NTHS), Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning/Refrigeration.
Jaffar Taitoon Carpentry Workshop owner Jaffar Ahmed Taitoon, whose store was due to open at 8am, told the GDN he was struggling to come to terms with the disaster.
Building the model taught students about construction in the earlier days of New England and why homes changed, carpentry instructor Kevin Letourneau said.
"We are happy to support the Inspire MEdia Foundation in getting started," said Kenneth Combs, President of Custom Quality Carpentry. "Chris has been both a client and friend of mine, and I am glad to help him in any way I can," Combs added.
Jared Darnell, another post-graduate student, said they also got to learn "the language of carpentry" for when they get jobs in the workforce.
Fremont, NH, November 13, 2010 --( Friedrich Carpentry Plus, a Manchester-area team of home improvement experts and remodeling contractors, recently announced its collaboration with the online advertising experts at Prospect Genius.
Middleton, MA, April 22, 2010 --( J&S Carpentry and Construction (, a Boston-area contractor that provides professional home remodeling and commercial building services, is pleased to announce that it has been certified to comply with the new EPA Rule on Renovation, Repair and Painting.
Bergeron, House Carpentry; Kayla Mariah Collins, Electrical; Jonathan E.
Middleton, MA, April 17, 2010 --( J&S Carpentry and Construction (, a Boston-area contracting company that provides professional home remodeling and commercial building services, will be exhibiting at the Home and Landscape Show taking place in Topsfield, MA on April 17-18, 2010.