carrier molecule


Also found in: Medical.

carrier molecule

[′kar·ē·ər ′mäl·ə‚kyül]
(immunology)
An immunogenic molecule such as a foreign protein to which a hapten is coupled, thus enabling the hapten to induce an immune response.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Hepatitis B surface antigen S gene is an effective carrier molecule for developing GnRH DNA immunocastration vaccine in mice.
Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Using Immunoconjugates and Carrier Molecules. In cell biology, the nucleus is shown to be the most hypersensitive intracellular organelle and hence therapies targeting the nucleus tend to be more effective than those that are limited to the cytoplasm [35].
In contrast, a carrier molecule is often required for hepatic uptake [32].
Similar in size to dopamine, these drugs can slip inside the carrier molecule, forcing it to spit dopamine into the space between neurons.
Now, Thorson, graduate student Richard Gantt and postdoctoral fellow Pauline Peltier-Pain have described a simple process to separate the sugars from a carrier molecule, then attach them to a drug or other chemical.
Albumin is a natural, abundant carrier molecule, present in high volumes in the bloodstream and has a naturally long half-life of 20 days.
Scientists can then use the STM tip to lift the carrier molecule, leaving the clump of atoms behind.
Myodur includes carnitine, a membrane transport carrier molecule that targets skeletal muscle, and its passenger molecule, leupeptin, a calpain inhibitor.
Protherics chief executive Andrew Heath said: "The company has now found a way of packing more angiotensin onto the carrier molecule which could mean patients would need a booster shot only once a year."
We found that the effects of FWA can be improved with the addition of a carrier molecule and with other photostabilization technologies.
Following the A-B model of toxicity (13), PA serves as a necessary carrier molecule for EF and LF and permits penetration into cells.

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