They are combination of melatonin, amino- acid, b- caryophyllene
and other vitamins, so that they can provide balanced sleep pattern.
This activity can be explained by the chemical constituents of known antibacterial activity such as caryophyllene
oxide (4.1%), [beta]-caryophyllene (16.1%), and a-humulene (11.9%) present in the oil (Moreira et al., 2014).
The major constituents were [beta]-caryophyllene (31.4%), caryophyllene
oxide (23.1%), bornyl acetate (9.1%), [alpha]-humulene (4.9%), germacrene D (4.2%), [beta]-phellandrene (4.6%), [alpha]-pinene (3.0%), and caryophylla-2(12),6-dien-5[beta]-ol (=caryophyllenol II) (3.0%).
These medicinal properties come from the various components of Catnip oil, such as Nepetalactone, Valeric Acid, Geraniol, Monoterpene, Nepetalic Anhydride, Citral, Limonene, Dispentine, Thymol, Citronella, Caryophyllene
, Nerol, Bio Flavonoids, Nepetalic Acid, and carotenoids.
Other minor compounds identified, such as germacrene A, espatulenol, caryophyllene
oxide and germacrone, are also known to be active against bacteria.
Based on table 5, the major components of Marze essential oil were carvacrol (63.34%), 2-cyclohexen-1-one (10.2%) and caryophyllene
They determined that the compounds are Germacrene-D (35.68%), [beta]-Caryophyllene (18.08%), Caryophyllene
oxide (13.35%), (E)-[beta]-farnesene (7.24%) and hexahydrofarnesyl aceton (6.99%).
lavandulaefolia collected from Jiangxi Province (Northern China) were caryophyllene
(15.53%), (1R)-1,7,7-trimethyl-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-one (10.37%), [alpha]-caryophyllene (8.8%), camphor (6.89%) and D-myrcene (6.48%) (Xiong 2011).
In asymptomatic and symptomatic lemon tree shoots of both species the following compounds were collected: D-limonene, caryophyllene
, and [beta]-ocimene in different amounts and concentrations (Table 2).
Briefly, a total of 13 compounds were identified in CLO: 6-camphenol; isopinocarveol; p-cymen-8-ol; (-)-myrtenol; I-verbenone; cis-carveol; ethaneperoxoic acid, 1-cyano-4,4dimethyl-1-phenylpentyl ethaneperoxate; (+)-carotol; caryophyllene
oxide; (-)-globulol; 2-(4a,8-dimethyl-2,3,4,4a,5,6-hexahydronaphthalen-2-yl) propan-1-; and longipinocarvone.
Oxygenated sesquiterpenes (SO) were identified in all samples obtained by distillation process with caryophyllene
oxide as the most abundant representative of this class (8.2% in sample E), while these compounds were not detected in the headspace samples.
verum Component HD MWHD [gamma]-Terpinene 3.20 (5.336) Linalool 2.12 (5.856) 2.13 (5.856) Cinnamaldehyde 67.97 (8.259) 89.25 (8.568) Thymol 3.39 (8.855) 3.40 (8.859) Carvacrol Eugenol 2.73 (9.842) Caryophyllene
1.46 (11.281) % relative abundance ([t.sub.R], min) T.