cashew

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cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
Dynamics of the loss and emergence of volatile compounds during the concentration of cashew apple juice (Anacardium occidentale L.
Enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production from cashew apple bagasse pretreated with alkaline hydrogen peroxide.
CAJ = Cashew Apple Juice, PLA = Placebo, Min = Minimum Value, Max = Maximum Value Table 3.
Storage stability of cashew apple juice preserved by hot fill and aseptic processes.
Monomeric phenols of cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.
This research finding is a pointer to opening the way for organic cashew production in a cheap manner as peasant farmers are poor thus sourcing for CPH will not be a problem in lieu of inorganic fertilizers and this corroborates with the fact that we need to shift our attention form chemical fertilizers for good health of cashew apple and cashew nut consumers.
The raw material used was cashew apple juice in powder, containing 88% of whole cashew apple juice and 12% of maltodextrin (DE < 20) dehydrated in a spouted bed dryer (Model FBD 5.
Thereby, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of the thermal treatment on the residual activity and kinetic behavior of antioxidant, cell wall hydrolytic and browning enzymes in both soursop and cashew apple juices.
The consumption of cashew apple in the internal market (cashew apple for fresh consumption) has been growing significantly in the last five years, mainly in the Southeast region of Brazil, with attractive prices to the producer.
The goal is to remove pungent aromas from Goa's 'fenny' spirits--made from coconut sap, or cashew apples.