cashew

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cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the exposed, the main goal of this innovator study was to evaluate the gum production and its influence in the pseudofruit (peduncle) and fruits (nuts) productions in precocious dwarf cashew trees grown under two water regimes and three different levels of mineral nutrition (fertilization levels).
Altogether they planted five thousand cashew trees and two thousand each bananas and pineapples along with a dozen sapota trees.
The goal of the study was to examine the impact of leaves, bark, seeds and apples from cashew trees, native to northeastern Brazil and other countries of the southern hemisphere, on cells that respond to insulin.
That was all the explanation they were offered, h was medicine for the cashew trees.
Cashew trees are mostly grow through generative process with unknown characteristics of the original trees.
The cashew tree is an important reforestation tree for preserving the environment and improving soil fertility.
Beyond acai, the restaurant serves (in smoothie or sorbet form) tropical fruits that you won't find in your local Spinneys: graviola (soursop), acerola (a cherry-like fruit), caja (like a small mango), caju (the fruit of the cashew tree, of which the nut is actually its seed) as well as ones you might know under different names: maracuja and gioaba (passion fruit and guava).
ACANACEOUS A Of the cashew tree B Like a jelly-fish C Prickly who am I?
8%) through specific labour for cashew tree planting.
By BOZO JENJE Located 1km from Lunga Lunga Road at Kinondo in Kwale County, the four-acre farm hosts some coconut and cashew trees.