cassava


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Related to cassava: cassava starch, yam

cassava

(kəsä`və) or

manioc

(măn`ēŏk), name for many species of the genus Manihot of the family Euphorbiaceae (spurgespurge
, common name for members of the Euphorbiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of greatly varied structure and almost cosmopolitan distribution, although most species are tropical. In the United States the family is most common in the Southeast.
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 family). The roots, which resemble sweet potatoes and are eaten in much the same way, yield cassava starch, a staple food in the tropics. The cassava is native to Amazonia and has long been cultivated there by the indigenous population. It is now a major food source in many parts of the moist lowland tropics, particularly in Africa. Most cassava flour is made from M. esculenta, sometimes called bitter cassava because of the presence in the raw roots of prussic acid in sufficient quantities to be deadly. This poison is dispelled by long cooking or (for flour) pressing. Some cultivated varieties with a lesser acid content, called sweet cassava, are edible raw as well as boiled and can be used for fodder. It is important to process cassava as quickly as possible after harvesting; enzymes in the root will cause deterioration of the final product if processing is not completed within 48 hours. Cassava roots are also fermented to make an alcoholic beverage, are the source of tapiocatapioca
, widely used starchy food, obtained from the fleshy root of the bitter cassava. Tapioca is sold in flake or flour form and as the pellet pearl tapioca. Tapioca flour is widely used in place of wheat flour in regions where it is grown, e.g.
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, or Brazilian arrowroot, and are utilized in other ways, e.g., for cotton sizing and laundry starch. Cassava is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Euphorbiales, family Euphorbiaceae.
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cassava

[kə′sav·ə]
(botany)
Manihot esculenta. A shrubby perennial plant grown for its starchy, edible tuberous roots. Also known as manihot; manioc.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cassava

any tropical euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, esp the widely cultivated American species M. esculenta (or utilissima) (bitter cassava) and M. dulcis (sweet cassava)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to being a widely consumed food for people in sub Saharan Africa and Latin America, cassava is also becoming an important raw material for industries around the world (Mtunguja et al., 2014; Nassar and Ortiz, 2007).
Cassava variety (Tropical Manihot Species (TMS) 98/419) was purchased from Ebonyi State Agricultural Development Programme (EBADEP) Onuebonyi, Ebonyi State.
This work is aimed at producing gari from cassava roots of two local and three improved varieties harvested at two different growing periods.
Most notable was the molecular laboratory, a diagnostic facility for testing viral presence in cassava seed which the team was taken to.
Instead of going to other places, they come here to view the ocean and enjoy the breeze, "he says.FRESH SUPPLYThe 58-year-old braves the hot sun to ensure that there is a fresh supply of cassava for visitors.
Sorghum and millet are good for blood sugar management while a mix of cassava, arrowroot, sweet potatoes, omena, lemon grass and chia seeds help manage high blood pressure.
'The reduction in area planted to cassava for industrial use in Northern Mindanao was caused by the decreased demand from feed manufacturers,' the PSA report read.
Giving the overview of the Union, the president of the National Cassava Producers union of Liberia, Emmanuel S.L.
Case-patients were more likely than were controls to have attended the funeral (OR = 40; 95% CI = 5.4-298) and to have purchased their cassava flour from retailers that were supplied by wholesaler A (OR = infinity; 95% CI = 5.6-infinity) (Table 2).
The Thai Department of Agriculture recently issued a notice on Cambodian cassava product imports, which requires all exporters to request import permission from Thailand and ensure the commodities be free of insects and various other organisms.
About 400 grams of raw cassava were washed with water, the outer skin was peeled and then cut into cubes.
Cassava pulp is a by product from starch manufacturing from cassava root (Manihot esculenta Crantz)which is widely cultivated in tropical country such as Thailand.