Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to cassia: Cassia fistula, cassia cinnamon


(kăsh`ə): see cinnamoncinnamon,
name for trees and shrubs of the genus Cinnamomum of the family Lauraceae (laurel family). True cinnamon spice comes from the Ceylon or Sri Lanka cinnamon (C. verum or C. zeylanicum), now cultivated in several tropical regions.
..... Click the link for more information.
; sennasenna,
any plant of the genus Sennia (formerly placed in Cassia), leguminous herbs, shrubs, and trees of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), most common in warm regions. Some species are cultivated for ornament, but sennas are best known as medicinal plants.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also known as senna), a genus of perennial herbs, shrubs, or small trees of the family Leguminosae. The leaves are compound, even-pinnate, with five to ten pairs of narrow leaflets. The flowers are yellow (more rarely, white or reddish) and are gathered into racemes. Although they are irregular, their petals are almost identical in size. There are ten stamens—three are often reduced. There are approximately 500–600 species, distributed primarily in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres (particularly in America).

Several species are used in medicine, including Cassia angus-tifolia (native to western Arabia), C. acutifolia (native to mountainous regions of the Sudan, cultivated in the USSR in Middle Asia and Kazakhstan), and C. obovata (native to Sudan; cultivated in Transcaucasia, Krasnodar Krai, and the southern Ukraine). They are the source of Alexandrian leaf. Senna leaves, the leaves of C. acutifolia, contain anthraglycosides, which act as a cathartic when taken internally. They are used in the form of an infusion, as a cathartic tea (black draft). Senna leaves are a component of the complex powder of licorice root. In the USSR, C. angustifolia and C. acutifolia are cultivated as annuals on irrigated lands in southern Kazakhstan and Middle Asia.

In order to develop normally, cassia needs a sunny exposureand warmth. It grows best in loose nonsaline, loamy soils withdeep ground water. Cassia should be planted in soil from whichpasture crops have been harvested. Before planting, immediatefall plowing is done, with preliminary irrigation. During plow-ing, manure (20–30 tons per hectare) or compost with super-phosphate (3 centners/ha) is applied. Early in spring the field isharrowed, and the soil is leveled. The field is sown (8 kg/ha); thewidth between the rows of seeds is 60–70 cm. During the periodof growth and development (the phase of blooming and branch-ing), the plants are fed ammonium sulfate and superphosphateand irrigated five or six times. When a yellowish tint appears onthe lower leaves, harvesting is begun. The second, or principal, gathering of leaves occurs after 20–25 days. The leaves are driedin shade or sun. The yield of air-dried leaves and fruits is 8–10centners/ha.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any plant of the mainly tropical leguminous genus Cassia, esp C. fistula, whose pods yield cassia pulp, a mild laxative
2. a lauraceous tree, Cinnamomum cassia, of tropical Asia
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the company, the Cassia C is bpTT's third Cassia platform, handling gas coming from its operations in the prolific Columbus basin.
A&E Care Properties LLC, a Cassia entity, closed Jan.
Effects of a Cassia occidentalis extract in the domestic chicken (Gallus domesticus).
Cassia is surrounded by well-known attractions such as Dubai Mall for shopping, Dubai Opera House for arts and culture; Kent College and other quality educational institutes, and DIFC and Business Bay for commercial opportunities.
Cassia and Marcus flee a variety of perils by foot, boat, horse and ox cart, in a plot that has as many twists and turns as Londonium's busy streets.
The group will deliver 1,500 units this year, including 1,028 units of Cassia this year.
Terry was beloved husband of Pat, devoted father of Jonathan and Kirsty and awesome grandad of Alex, Jessica, Max and Cassia. No funeral as he hated them; family and friends please meet to celebrate his life at The Badger, Ponteland, from 1pm on Wednesday 9th August.
taste essentialsGARLIC & ginger paste INGREDIENTS: For the garlic and ginger paste: (makes 15 generous tbsp) 150g garlic, chopped; 150g ginger, peeled and chopped For the garam masala (makes 18tbsp) 6tbsp coriander seeds; 6tbsp cumin seeds; 5tsp black peppercorns; 4tbsp fennel seeds; 3tsp cloves; 7.5cm piece of cinnamon stick or cassia bark; 5 dried cassia leaves (also known as Indian bay leaves, available from Amazon); 20 green cardamom pods, lightly bruised; 2 large pieces of mace (available from Sainsbury's) graram masala METHOD: 1.
Citing Cassia, part of developer G&Co's Fields master-plan development in the heart of Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum City District 11, as an example, Habib says, "It's much easier now to purchase your home in such a community before all the amenities get filled in.