cast-iron architecture

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cast-iron architecture,

a term used to designate buildings that incorporate cast iron for structural and/or decorative purposes. After 1800 cast-iron supports were exploited as an alternative to masonry, and with the introduction of wrought-iron beams at mid-century, an efficient, prefabricated method of skeletal construction was possible, of which the most notable example was Joseph Paxton's Crystal PalaceCrystal Palace,
building designed by Sir Joseph Paxton and erected in Hyde Park, London, for the Great Exhibition in 1851. In 1854 it was removed to Sydenham, where, until its damage by fire in 1936, it housed a museum of sculpture, pictures, and architecture and was used for
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 (1851) in London. Iron and glass canopies were used to cover such diverse structures as shopping arcades, library reading rooms, and the vast new railway terminals. In the United States, James BogardusBogardus, James
, 1800–1874, American architect, b. Catskill, N.Y. Among the first to use cast iron in the construction of building facades, Bogardus was noted for his commercial building designs in New York City.
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 pioneered the use of cast-iron commercial facades, which combined utility with the easy replication of attenuated classical orders in repeated bays.
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Cast-iron architecture

Buildings originally designed to emulate stone buildings in Renaissance style designs. They eventually developed a recognizable style of their own. They housed manufacturing companies who have since vanished, leaving large uninterrupted spaces with heavy timber and iron construction in its wake. Many have now been converted to living lofts above commercial stores.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

cast-iron architecture

In building construction, cast iron used in combination with wrought iron for the framing of commercial buildings and for the components of cast-iron fronts; used primarily before the advent of steel-frame construction. Usually characterized by: prefabricated cast-iron components, repetitive modules, and large windows, in contrast to earlier masonry façades in which large windows were impractical because they weakened the wall into which they were set.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The other end of the same frontage has the much wider piercings that were the goal of SoHo's cast-iron architecture. And in the 16 rows of windows in between, BKSK lets us watch the facade's openings as they transform from the ones used in 1852 to the ones from two decades later.
It is an example of New York's cast-iron architecture, built in 1857 in the Italian Renaissance style, to house a prominent Manhattan shipping firm.
van Berkel, of UN Studio, said Five Franklin Place was designed with "several influences" and gives a nod to Tribeca's cast-iron architecture. The architect said the bands work in conjunction with the interiors.
In the '60s, thanks to the crusade mounted by the Friends of Cast-Iron Architecture, the place achieved recognition as the nation's finest collection of nineteenth-century industrial buildings.
This five-story loft condominium conversion preserves the cast-iron architecture that is SoHo's hallmark while inserting a high-style interior with the abundant space and discreet luxury in demand today.
Gallery owners wrote, worried about the impact on visiting European art collectors unused to "problems relating to drugs, homelessness, |and~ mentally ill individuals." Esthetes wrote, wringing their hands about the effect on "the most noteworthy street in SoHo for Cast-Iron architecture." (Wot?