castration


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castration,

removal of the sex glands of an animal, i.e., testes in the male, or ovaries and often the uterus in the female. Castration of the female animal is commonly referred to as spaying. Castration results in sterility, decreased sexual desire, and inhibition of secondary sex characteristics. It is performed for the purpose of improving the quality of meat and decreasing the aggressiveness of farm animals; in pet animals it prevents unwanted mating behavior, reproduction, and wandering. Removal of the sex glands in humans is sometimes necessary to prevent the spread of certain hormone-dependent cancerscancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. Castration as a punishment or deterrent for repeat sexual offenders is a topic debated both because of questions regarding its efficacy and because of questions regarding the relative rights of offenders and their victims or potential victims.

Castration

 

the artificial removal of the gonads in animals and man. In many invertebrates, castration does not bring about significant changes because their gonads are unrelated to internal secretion.

Experiments with fish, amphibians, birds, and mammals show that castration causes the secondary sex characteristics to disappear or remain underdeveloped. For example, castration causes the disappearance of the sex drive and changes the external appearance of birds: sexual dimorphism is lost, and castrated males and females come to resemble one another. Castration causes profound changes in mammals: stunted growth of bones (especially in the limbs), disappearance or underdevelopment of secondary sex characteristics, and obesity.

In humans, castration is performed therapeutically as an unavoidable operation in several diseases of the sex glands (malignant tumor, trauma, and so forth) and some other organs (for example, breast cancer in women). It is done either by total surgical removal of the gonads from males or females or by blocking their functioning with ionizing radiation or by introducing hormones (or substitutes) that inhibit the gonadotropic function of the pituitary gland.

The earlier castration is performed, the more pronounced the resultant changes. For example, castration before puberty causes eunuchoidism; in adults, it causes metabolic disturbances, mental disorders, and impairment of sexual potency, although interest in sex and capacity for a sex life persist, sometimes for a long period.

Animals are castrated primarily for economic reasons and less commonly for therapeutic ones (neoplasm of the gonads, trauma of the testes). Surgery is the most common method: the testes are removed through incisions in the scrotum; a bloodless method disrupts the blood supply of the testes by crushing or compressing the spermatic cords.

A castrated stallion is called a gelding; a castrated bull, an ox; a boar, a barrow; a ram, a wether; a rooster, a capon; and a hen, a poulard. Castrated animals are calmer and fatten better. Their flesh lacks a disagreeable specific odor and is tastier and more nutritious. Stallions are gelded at three or four years; bulls to be used as work animals at one year and those to be fattened at six months; sheep and goats at four to six months; and boars at seven to nine weeks. A metabolic change takes place in castrated animals causing their fat to be deposited more quickly.

What does it mean when you dream about castration?

Castration can symbolize repulsion to, or inadequacy of, sexual expression and fear of losing oneself in the sexual act. It sometimes indicates deep guilt, and sometimes fear of either growing up or growing old. Castration also symbolizes feelings of emasculation and impotence.

castration

[ka′strā·shən]
(medicine)
Removing, or inhibiting the function or development of, the ovaries or testes.

Castration

Abélard, Peter
castrated by irate father of lover, Héloise. [Fr. Lit.: Héloise and Abélard]
Barnes, Jake
castrated journalist whom Brett Ashley loves. [Am. Lit.: The Sun Also Rises]
Cybele
hermaphroditic goddess honored orgiastically, usually by emasculation. [Phrygian Myth.: Parrinder, 68]
References in periodicals archive ?
There are also chemical and immunological castration methods (Bakir et al., 2006).
Several complications following castration have been recorded by several researchers like pyocele (Sagar et al., 2010) hydrocele (Kamalakar et al., 2014) and scirrhous cord (Kamalakar et al., 2015).
So, the difference of changes in percentage average BMD with use of alendronate was probably significant in relation to time since castration and those who are one year post castration or more showed significant improvement as compared to men who are less than one year post castration who showed a fall even with use of alendronate.
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Metastatic Hormone Refractory (Castration Resistant, Androgen-Independent) Prostate Cancer
While surgical castration is irreversible, the effects of chemical castration can be reversed if the drug is not administered at regular intervals.
more than double and this is alarming." She noted that several countries like US, Poland, Russia, South Korea, Indonesia, Russia, New Zealand and Argentina have introduced castration to deal with child sex offenders.
There are, for example, regular announcements by EA members that they have finally achieved a desired castration. Although a few castrated individuals in the community may have Male-to-Female Gender Dysphoria, most sought emasculation without the desire to present as female (Vale et al., 2010).
This report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutic development for Hormone Refractory (Castration Resistant, Androgen-Independent) Prostate Cancer, complete with comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment by drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type, along with latest updates, and featured news and press releases.
Median 38 months (95% confidence interval 31, 41) from date of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer.
"Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had banned castration, but if there is a chemical solution to make offenders lose interest in sex, then I believe castration should be allowed," Saud Bin Abdullah Al Fanisan, a former dean of the Sharia College at the Riyadh-based Imam University, said.