catamaran


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catamaran

(kăt'əmərăn`), watercraft made up of two connected hulls or a single hull with two parallel keels. Originally used by the natives of Polynesia, the catamaran design was adopted by Western boat builders in the 19th cent. The twin hulls of the traditional Polynesian catamaran are log canoes; the catamaran may have given rise to the outriggeroutrigger,
canoe-type vessel with a wood or bamboo float attached to the side of the craft and extending out over the water. The term outrigger also refers to the float itself.
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. An extremely stable craft, it can be paddled or sailed even in the heavy waves of the S Pacific. The American Nathanael Herreshoff first built Western-type catamarans in the 1870s. The twin-hulled sailing or motor boat has since become a popular pleasure craft, largely because of its speed and stability. High-speed catamaran ferries can exceed 40 knots (74 km per hr). Catamarans range from 12 ft (3.7 m) to more than 360 ft (110 m) in length and are among the world's fastest sailing and motor craft.

Catamaran

 

(from Tamil kattumaram, literally “logs bound together”).

(1) A raft for short trips and fishing among peoples along the Asiatic coast of the Indian Ocean and neighboring islands, propelled by paddles or sail. Similar rafts were used by the native inhabitants of the islands of the Pacific Ocean and South America. The term “catamaran” also referred to a small paddle boat or sailing vessel consisting of several logs, hollowed out and pointed on both ends, interconnected by cross bars.

(2) A modern twin-hulled vessel (with two parallel hulls connected on the top side by trusses or a continuous deck) or single-hulled sailing vessel with one or two outlying balance floats on the side. It is exceptionally swift and stable. There are various kinds of catamarans: for sea and river fishing, carrying passengers and cargo, towing and rescue work, sports and tourism, and scientific research.

catamaran

[¦kad·ə·mə¦ran]
(naval architecture)
A sailing or powered boat having two rather slender hulls joined by a deck or other structure.
A rectangular raft resting on two parallel cylindrical floats.

catamaran

1. a sailing, or sometimes motored, vessel with twin hulls held parallel by a rigid framework
2. a primitive raft made of logs lashed together
References in periodicals archive ?
The catamarans will continue to be built in Les Sables d'Olonne on the French Atlantic coast, and the existing staff structure of some 150 employees under CEO Gilles Wagner will also be retained.
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Once inducted into the People's Navy, students, both male and female, would be assigned to 10- or 12-member units, one unit per catamaran. The units would be divided into the 'crew' and the 'picnickers.'
The search, underway since Friday when the catamaran was expected to dock at Haifa was completed on Saturday at 1:30am with no immediate dangers.
Following over a decade of successful years of representation of the Gemini brand in the southeastern and mid-Atlantic states, The Catamaran Company has expanded into the western market with a location in Shelter Island, California, a community of San Diego.
The Saba 50 sailing catamaran will be making its southern hemisphere debut.
Among them is a Lagoon 39 catamaran from the Beneteau Group, represented by Tan Services in the Gulf.
A robust menu of services aimed at addressing safety and cost concerns will be offered to all Catamaran commercial clients through SECURE, allowing them to tailor the offering to their specific needs by selecting which parameters they would like to put in place.
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