catarrh


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catarrh

1. inflammation of a mucous membrane with increased production of mucus, esp affecting the nose and throat in the common cold
2. the mucus so formed

Catarrh

 

or catarrhal inflammation, an inflammation of the mucous membranes; they become red, swollen, edematous and form and exude a fluid (exudate). The exudate may be transparent (serous catarrh) or admixed with mucus (mucous catarrh) or pus (suppurative catarrh).

Catarrh may be caused by a bacterial or viral infection—for example, catarrh (inflammation) of the upper respiratory tract: bronchitis, laryngitis, and head cold; or it may be caused by pathogenic fungi—for example, colitis. Catarrh of the stomach (obsolete name, gastritis) develops from improper diet, abuse of alcohol, and smoking.

In acute forms of catarrh, the matter exuded by the mucous membranes gradually decreases and full recovery ensues. Delayed treatment may cause an acute form to develop into a chronic inflammation, which may produce severe irreversible changes in the mucous membranes, including attenuation (atrophy) or disorderly proliferation (hypertrophy) with deterioration or complete loss of function of the affected organ. Chronic catarrh is prevented by prompt and comprehensive treatment of the acute forms.

catarrh

[kə′tär]
(medicine)
An old term for an inflammation of mucous membranes, particularly of the respiratory tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
Catarrh strained the vocal cords and was known in adults as "clergyman's throat".
Keywords: Ocular abnormalities, Refractive errors, Vernal catarrh, Squint and Amblyopia.
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Mozart died at the age of 35, after suffering from many infectious illnesses including catarrh, fever, sore throat and bad colds from 1762 to 1791.
'If you've got a cold, where's your hanky?' 'Well,' I said with some truth at least, 'it's the catarrh.' The Songbird is Singing by Alun Trevor is published by Parthian, priced at pounds 9.99.
beneficial for the treatment of asthma, eczema, migraines, stomach ulcers, liver complaints and chronic catarrh, goat's milk also helps babies with colic, habitual vomiting and those not gaining weight'.
Unless you had catarrh, the grunt was unknown, apart from one lad who suffered from asthma and that was more wheeze than grunt in any case - and only when there was a lot of pollen about.
Or should that be catarrh? No, Catarrh's in the Middle East.
Peruna eliminated "catarrh of the bowels" and produced some remarkable testimonials.
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Way back then, being bunged-up was all about catarrh - not to be mistaken with guitar (fretted string instrument) or Qatar (charming little country in the middle east) - but these days bunged-up managers are carrying something far more sinister than excess snot.