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Related to catarrhal: catarrhal conjunctivitis, catarrhal jaundice, catarrhal inflammation


1. inflammation of a mucous membrane with increased production of mucus, esp affecting the nose and throat in the common cold
2. the mucus so formed



or catarrhal inflammation, an inflammation of the mucous membranes; they become red, swollen, edematous and form and exude a fluid (exudate). The exudate may be transparent (serous catarrh) or admixed with mucus (mucous catarrh) or pus (suppurative catarrh).

Catarrh may be caused by a bacterial or viral infection—for example, catarrh (inflammation) of the upper respiratory tract: bronchitis, laryngitis, and head cold; or it may be caused by pathogenic fungi—for example, colitis. Catarrh of the stomach (obsolete name, gastritis) develops from improper diet, abuse of alcohol, and smoking.

In acute forms of catarrh, the matter exuded by the mucous membranes gradually decreases and full recovery ensues. Delayed treatment may cause an acute form to develop into a chronic inflammation, which may produce severe irreversible changes in the mucous membranes, including attenuation (atrophy) or disorderly proliferation (hypertrophy) with deterioration or complete loss of function of the affected organ. Chronic catarrh is prevented by prompt and comprehensive treatment of the acute forms.


An old term for an inflammation of mucous membranes, particularly of the respiratory tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a typical ELISA, the malignant catarrhal fever virus is applied to the bottom of a plastic plate.
To analyze FRCoV in ferrets from geographically distinct sites, we tested fecal samples from 90 animals without signs of disease (including epizootic catarrhal enteritis) from 39 different locations in the Netherlands.
To the Editor: Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) is an often lethal viral disease of susceptible biungulates from the Bovidae, Cervidae, and Suidae subfamilies.
To the Editor: Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) is an acute, generalized, and usually fatal disease previously thought to be restricted to mammals of the order Artiodactyla, often members of the subfamilies Bovinae, Cervidae, and Suidae (1).
Clinical differentiation of malignant catarrhal fever, mucosal disease and bluetongue.
separation of cattle and wildebeest to prevent transmission of malignant catarrhal fever in East Africa (41).
Additionally, 3 pigs with catarrhal enteritis were euthanized; postmortem examination at the regional laboratory confirmed coronavirus infection in all 3 animals.
Some birds showed infraorbital sinusitis with serous or fibrinous exudates and catarrhal tracheitis, whereas others presented with serofibrinous airsacculitis and splenomegaly.
by enhancing white blood cell count; Joint health; Lower cholesterol and triglycerides, while maintaining the HDL to LDL ratio Garcinia cambogia Garcinia Helps reduce body's ability to store fat; Lowers body weight through appetite control; Lowers serum triglycerides; Creates a process in the body called thermogenesis; Helps with catarrhal conditions of the throat, urinary system and uterus Melia azadirachta L.
As a result, there were received 9 peptide fractions: from acute catarrhal -1 of phlegmonous -3, of gangrenous -1 and chronic calculus - 4.
Often a catarrhal headache precedes a nasal discharge.
The decoction of leaves is used for treatment of inflammation, eye-disease, toothache, leucoderma, enlargement of the spleen, ulcers, cancers, catarrhal fever, rheumatoid arthritis, gonorrhea, sinuses, scrofulous sores, bronchitis and as tonics, vermifuge, lactagogue and emmenagogue.