catatonia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

catatonia

(kăt'ətō`nēə), mental state generally characterized by statuesque posturing, muscular immobility, mutism, and apparent stupor. The muscles are held in a pliant state called waxy flexibility, and the catatonic person obediently permits himself to be rearranged into awkward positions that he may subsequently hold for hours. Another form of catatonia involves continuous incoherent shouting, psychomotor agitation, and a violent destructiveness which can lead to collapse and death if untreated. Loss of memory or intellect is not necessarily implied: catatonic patients often display excellent memory of their surroundings during the catatonic state. In recent years, drug therapy has been helpful in the avoidance of catatonic disturbances, and the appearance of catatonia is now quite rare. Described by Karl Kahlbaum (1874) as catatonia, the term was subsumed under Eugen BleulerBleuler, Eugen
, 1857–1939, Swiss psychiatrist. He taught (1898–1927) at the Univ. of Zürich, serving concurrently as director of Zürich's Burghölzi Asylum.
..... Click the link for more information.
's concept of schizophreniaschizophrenia
, group of severe mental disorders characterized by reality distortions resulting in unusual thought patterns and behaviors. Because there is often little or no logical relationship between the thoughts and feelings of a person with schizophrenia, the disorder has
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1911. It has recently been classified as catatonic schizophrenia by the American Psychiatric Association.

Catatonia

 

or catatonic syndrome, a mental disorder dominated by impairment of motor activity.

Catatonia is a syndrome in schizophrenia and in psychoses resulting from poisoning, infection, or organic brain lesions. There are two alternating phases: stupor and excitement. In catatonic stupor, the tone of the skeletal muscles increases to the point where the patient remains frozen in any position, however uncomfortable, in which he is placed (catalepsy). The rigidity may reach the extremes of muscular tension: stupor with the extremities drawn close to the abdomen and the head bent, that is, the fetal position. The facial expression is frozen and the patient remains completely mute. External stimuli (for example, pain) or even extraordinary circumstances (fire, earthquake) do not prompt the patient to protect himself. Any attempt to change the position of a person in a deep stupor will induce muscular resistance.

Catatonic excitement may be bizarre and pathetic (the patients behave foolishly, ranting, singing, and striking affected poses) or impulsive, frantic, and aggressive. The mind of catatonics may stay clear or become clouded. Catatonia is relieved through the treatment of the causative disease.

catatonia

[‚kad·ə′tōn·ē·ə]
(psychology)
A type of schizophrenic reaction in which the individual remains speechless and motionless, assumes fixed postures, and lacks the will and resists attempts to activate speech and movement. Also known as catatonic schizophrenia.

catatonia

a state of muscular rigidity and stupor, sometimes found in schizophrenia
References in periodicals archive ?
While UB40 plough through hits of yesteryear, Catatonia will make the hair on your neck stand to attention.
As synthetic cannabinoids are a relatively recent phenomena, we recognize that reviews on catatonia might not include such substances.
Save for two short-lived projects with former Y Cyrff / Catatonia bass player Paul Jones - Sherbet Antlers and Y Ffyrc - little has been heard from the influential musician in the past decade.
Owen Powell, former guitarist with Catatonia, and the man responsible for nurturing the early career of Duffy, pinpoints the differences between the scene now and its embryonic stages.
Catatonia released a fourth album, 'Paper Scissors Stone', in 2001, but split shortly after.
The singer, who has released one solo album since the break-up of Catatonia four years ago, plans to return to Wales for the birth.
Who needs Aqua, Alanis, Blondie and Echobelly when Catatonia embrace pop nous, feminist inspiration, ice cool star quality and indie credibility so wholeheartedly.
Catatonia is a common complication in a variety of psychiatric and medical contexts.
And it's not everyday you get members of Funeral For A Friend, Catatonia and the Super Furry Animals in Merthyr on a Wednesday night.
But now former Catatonia drummer Aled Richards has revealed why he's been "dragged out of retirement by his feet" to take over at the kit of one of Welsh music's biggest personalities.
In the 90s, as the lead singer of Catatonia, Cerys shot to fame, selling millions of albums, breaking into the notoriously difficult American market, and even being voted Sexiest Female In Rock at one point.
FORMER Housemartins singer Paul Heaton and Catatonia frontwoman Cerys Matthews will play a joint headline slot at a Midland venue.