Here, we investigated the ANS of a patient with persistent catatonic schizophrenia
before and after ECT by measuring sAA activity levels.
An example of the role that sociocultural context plays in schizophrenia can be found in the diagnostic frequency of two forms of the disorder: catatonic schizophrenia
, and hebephrenia (disorganized schizophrenia).
Current indications, besides major depression, include bipolar disorder (both for depression and mania), schizoaffective disorder, and catatonic schizophrenia
. ECT may be especially effective in acutely suicidal individuals because of its rapid action.
" was bandied about, but the drugs prescribed only made him worse.
Because Trevor had no previous psychiatric history, a definitive diagnosis of catatonic schizophrenia
could not be established.
In 1893, Kraepelin limited catatonia to a subtype of dementia praecox, and it was later redefined by Bleuler, in 1906, as catatonic schizophrenia
. Since then, it has become increasingly apparent that the catatonia syndrome can be seen not just in schizophrenia but in affective disorders, as well as secondary to various underlying medical conditions, leading the DSM-IV to broaden its categorization of catatonia to include these other entities.
WKL1, located on chromosome 22, contributes to the development of catatonic schizophrenia
, an inherited form of the disease characterized by acute psychotic episodes with hallucinations, delusions, and disturbed body movements.