catch crop


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Related to catch crop: cash crop, cover crop

catch crop,

any quick-growing crop sown between seasons of regular planting to make use of temporary idleness of the soil or to compensate for the failure of a main crop. It may be such rapid-maturing vegetables as radishes, onions grown from sets, or spinach (planted between rows of slower growing crops); quick-growing crops such as rye, millet, or buckwheat; or an annual legume, such as soybean, which is valuable as fodder or, when plowed under, increases the soil's fertility. See cover cropcover crop,
green temporary crop grown to prevent or reduce erosion and to improve the soil by building up its organic content. Green-manure crops, which are specifically grown for their organic content and other feature that enable them to improve the soil, but which may be
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catch crop

[′kach ‚kräp]
(agriculture)
A rapidly growing plant that can be intercropped between rows of the main crop; often used as a green manure.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nitrate leaching as influenced by soil tillage and catch crop. Soil Tillage Research 41:203-219.
In the first year nitrogen-rich, readily mineralising biomass of all catch crop incorporated into the soil markedly increased (0.08-0.21 C g [kg.sup.-1]) mobile humic acids content compared with the check treatment.
Residual effect and leaching of N and K in cropping systems with clover and ryegrass catch crops on a coarse sand.
Additional N uptake recovered in barley plus catch crops (CC) from organic slurry N (given as a percentage) compared with uptake from mineral N-fertilised crops after application of cattle or pig slurry in the first year All plots received the same amount of inorganic N for a barley crop in the first year (100-103 kg N [ha.sup.-1]).
The traditional French breakfast radishes must be eaten when they are no larger than a small grape and all the salad vegetables are natural catch crops.
Sow one or two catch crops of fast maturing salad crops in the rows until the leeks and brassicas have grown to fill the spaces..
Catch crops IF you always seem to have space between rows of veg on your veg plot, catch crops - which are small and fast-growing - are ideal when used as temporary space-fillers.
If you are struggling for space on your allotment or in your vegetable garden at home and want to get as much use out each square metre (square yard) as you can, why not try some inter-cropping of longer term crops with catch crops that only take five or six weeks to mature?
Buffer strips, fallow land, areas with catch crops or green cover and areas with nitrogen fixing crops will qualify, subject to weightings, and so will hedges.
IF you always seem to have space between rows of veg on your veg plot, catch crops - which are small and fast-growing - are ideal when used as temporary space-fillers.
Turnips, spring onions and so on, can be grown as catch crops between rows of longer maturing plants, so do not even have to take up extra space.