catholic church


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catholic church

[Gr.,=universal], the body of Christians, living and dead, considered as an organization. The word catholic was first used c.110 to describe the Church by St. Ignatius of Antioch. In speaking of the time before the Reformation in Western Europe, Catholic is technically used to mean orthodox (i.e., those who accept the tradition as mediated by the Roman Church). Today in English it usually means the Roman Catholic ChurchRoman Catholic Church,
Christian church headed by the pope, the bishop of Rome (see papacy and Peter, Saint). Its commonest title in official use is Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church.
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. Protestants use the word catholic in its original sense to designate the Christian Church taken as a whole.
References in classic literature ?
After a generation of half-piratical depredations by the English seadogs against the Spanish treasure fleets and the Spanish settlements in America, King Philip, exasperated beyond all patience and urged on by a bigot's zeal for the Catholic Church, began deliberately to prepare the Great Armada, which was to crush at one blow the insolence, the independence, and the religion of England.
Now they found a sacramental vessel, which had been destined as a gift to some Catholic church. Now they drew up a golden cup, fit for the King of Spain to drink his wine out of.
She meant that the people in the crowd believed in Him; for she remembered the crosses with bleeding plaster figures that stood where foot-paths joined, and the inexplicable mystery of a service in a Roman Catholic church.
John Lateran, the Mother and Mistress of all the Catholic churches of the world.
Robert Rifkind, president of the American Jewish Committee, commented: "It only begins to address many issues and questions concerning the role of the Catholic Church in the evolution of antisemitism throughout the ages and its culmination in the Holocaust." [26] Phil Baum, executive director of the American Jewish Congress, likewise observed: "Without derogating from the Church's efforts at atonement, some of the most troub ling questions of responsibility and complicity in those horrendous events still have not been addressed.
The rise of Protestantism in the sixteenth century led many reformers within the Catholic Church to advocate a program of renewal that rested on the principle of"reformatio in capite et membris." The Church in the seventeenth century strove to implement this reform through the Tridentine reform program.
Perhaps something similar should be said about the man in the white cassock in Rome reverentially referred to in the media as the "Pontiff." Pontiff, of course, is the anglicization of the Latin Pontifex Maximus, the title adopted by the self-deified Roman emperors and subsequently appropriated by a long succession of leaders (popes, "Holy Fathers") of the Roman Catholic church to mean the "bridge between heaven and earth."
The Catholic Church has been playing a leading role in promoting the development of education in the continent.
Sixty years after the end of the horrific events of the Shoah, in which millions of Jews perished, the ceremony at the synagogue was a historic milestone for the local and global Jewish community, for the Catholic Church, and for Jewish-Catholic relations.
A document released recently by an international group of Anglican and Roman Catholic church leaders, which established some common ground about teachings on the Virgin Mary, is a "positive sign" that relations between the two denominations--strained by disagreements over the ordination of women and human sexuality--are on the mend, said an official at the Anglican Church of Canada.
Gay and lesbian worshippers are welcome in the Roman Catholic Church as long as they are true to its moral teachings.
Pope Pius IX, who served as head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1846 to 1878, is a highly controversial figure with a record of hostility toward Jews and non-Catholic faiths.

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