rinderpest

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rinderpest

rinderpest or cattle plague, an acute and highly infectious viral disease of cattle. It less frequently affects other ruminants, such as sheep, goats, and wild game. After an incubation period of three to nine days, a wide variety of symptoms may appear, including fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes, particularly the intestines, discharges from the eyes and nose, dehydration, and skin eruptions on the back and flanks. Death comes after four to eight days. Long dreaded in Eurasia because of its ability to kill entire populations of cattle, it was accidentally introduced into Africa in the late 19th cent., and in the 1890s large numbers of cattle died in E and S Africa, causing widespread starvation.

Rinderpest was long controlled largely by destroying infected animals, but an effective and economical vaccine was developed in the 1950s and 60s by British veterinary scientist Walter Plowright. By the 1980s, rinderpest occurred primarily in N and E Africa and SW and S Asia as a result of eradication efforts. A global eradication program was begun in 1994 by the Food and Agriculture Organization, which confirmed in 2011 that the disease had been eradicated worldwide.

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rinderpest

[′rin·dər‚pest]
(veterinary medicine)
An acute, contagious, and often fatal virus disease of cattle, sheep, and goats which is characterized by fever and the appearance of ulcers on the mucous membranes of the intestinal tract.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The development of nineteenth-century disease control legislation began with the outbreak of cattle plague mentioned above.
It was the Batswana, whose economy and livelihood was so firmly locked up in their cattle, who first experienced the characteristic viciousness of the cattle plague once it had crossed from Southern Rhodesia.
Cattle plague was a real problem towards the latter half of the 19th century and was feared to the same extent as is foot-and-mouth today.
"A cattle plague broke out in Britain in 1865 which caused devastation across the farming community.
The PHLS last night moved to assure the public that there was minimal human risk from the cattle plague and said earlier results on six men with similar symptoms had proved negative.
The epidemic - which became known as the Great Cattle Plague - began with a single case on a farm near Oswestry, Shropshire.