cauline


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cauline

[′kȯ‚līn]
(botany)
Belonging to or arising from the stem, particularly if on the upper portion.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is suggested that the nature of the primary vascular system indicates that this plant had a relatively low degree of organ differentiation and that it constituted a primitive branching axis exhibiting an early stage of foliar and cauline differentiation.
as well as bracteose, cauline leaves that are sessile on the rhizome,
although these cauline leaves have sometimes been confused with stipules
herteri is a cauline, rhizomatous perennial with isophyllous, opposite
Growth habit: (0) cauline herb, with bifurcating axis, opposite, axillary leaves without stolons; (2) tree or shrub; (3) pachycaul; (4) rhizomatous herb, with leaves basal; (5) woody vine (Schindler, 1905; Ohwi, 1965; Spongberg, 1972; Cronquist, 1981; Webb & Gornall, 1989; Endress, 1993a, 1993b, 1993c; Heywood, 1993; Kubitzki, 1993a, 1993b).
Sessile, cauline leaves (sometimes improperly called "ligules" on Gunnera): (0) absent; (1) like other leaves, but smaller and sessile; (2) small, straplike; (3) small, shieldlike; (4) budlike; (5) pinnatifid to laciniate.
Guttenberg (1943) had earlier tabulated 33 dicotyledonous families with cauline and foliar endodermis, and his text also mentioned a few monocotyledonous families with this feature.
The distribution of cauline and foliar endodermis with c.
Lateral branching in ferns occurs in various positions, either cauline or at the base of the leaf primordia.
In other ferns there are cauline protoxylem strands independent of those associated with the leaves, and there are also ferns in which typical protoxylem is restricted to the leaves or decurrent only a short distance into the stem (White, 1984; Ma & Steeves, 1994; Qiu et al.
The effect of leaf primordia on cauline vascular development in Matteuccia has recently been investigated experimentally (Ma & Steeves, 1992).