Given this implication, if participants are indeed sensitive to the context, then presumably DDM performance should suffer if the underlying causal system
contradicts the context that the system is couched in.
The asymptotic limits are derived via Kramers-Kronig relations, which relate the real and imaginary parts of a linear causal system
response, or equivalently its phase and magnitude response.
I think the problem is that we may be confusing 'anti-causal" and "acausal." A causal system
depends on and is determined by past and current conditions-- either locally or non-locally.
The bulk of Pearl's book deals with inference problems where we have only partial information about the causal system
System performance measures provide information (statistical) for taking action on the causal system
to improve future performance from the customer's perspective.
Or was he exploring a complex causal system
? Did the mature Weber, for whom bureaucracy was more important than Calvinist theology as a cause of capitalism, adhere to the down-from-Puritanism story that Diggins needs?
It cannot be explanatory, because programs are but partial causes of the performance of a program by a complex causal system
. It cannot be direct, because the only direct evidence concerning what any causal system
will do when it executes a program results from program testing.
Liao, "Design of optimal output regulators for multirate linear discrete-time descriptor causal system
with time delay," Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing, vol.
The principle of maximal specificity for causal systems
and the principle of total evidence for inductive methodology are mutually reinforcing: reasoning about programs tends to be (a) non-demonstrative, (b) ampliative, and (c) non-additive precisely because the truth of a generalization about a causal system
depends upon its complete specification, which can be very difficult--if not practically impossible--to obtain.
In a supernatural causal system
, fate may determine the structure of events: there is nothing plausible about Oedipus just happening to run into Laius on the road as he is fleeing Corinth so as not to kill his father--to say nothing of the fact that he marries a woman old enough to be his mother after he had learned that his fate was to marry his mother.
Notably, the literature  combined descriptor system theory with preview control theory and successfully obtained the optimal preview controller with preview action for the linear discrete-time descriptor causal system
; the literature  derived the optimal preview controller for discrete-time descriptor causal systems
in a multirate setting.
A system is said to be causal system
if its output depends on present and past inputs only.