cause

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cause

1. 
a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)

cause

any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.

Cause

 

a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.

I. I. LIAKHOV

cause

Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
1 BLACKSTONE, supra note 19, at 122 ("[E]very wanton and causeless restraint of the will of the subject, whether practiced by a monarch, a nobility, or a popular assembly, is a degree of tyranny.
The director who speculates in the securities of his corporation, the banker who lends his depositors' money to himself under diverse corporate aliases, the railroad official who grants a secret rebate for his private graft, the builder who hires walking delegates to harass his rivals with causeless strikes, the labor leader who instigates a strike in order to be paid for calling it off, the publisher who bribes his text-books into the schools, these reveal in their faces nothing of wolf or vulture.
BELOW US IS STEADY AND SOLID, stable, and stygian as the whirling of four winds that hold up the water; upon which floats earth with summers and glaciers, and fossils in rocks and flesh giving solidity to the causeless spark.
4) According to Shankara, radical monism allows for the existence of an original first principle (or what occultists call "the Causeless Cause," the "Eternal" and the "Unknowable" reality) of a divine or spiritual nature.
She left the water with a dowry of cattle and livestock and the couple were married under the condition that if he struck her three causeless blows, she would return to the lake forever.
There's a cheap, high school nihilism behind the whole conceit, but what's even more depressingly familiar is the narrator's insistence that he's been pushed to such extremes by his own unfeeling and causeless anomie.
Among the most cowardly features of the riot was the causeless and inhuman treatment of the Negroes of the City.
If we conceive of God as the unmoved mover or the causeless cause, however, loyalty to God would be meaningless.
To rob your good, iwis, is not my mind, Nor causeless your fair hand did I display.
To ask the purpose of the redundant road journey for character, film-maker, or audience is to stay stuck--to posit once more some ground or cause behind what each road film exposes as groundless and causeless.
The only other possibility is that I am the victim of some causeless, stand-alone evil with no rhyme or reason.
The scenes in which she rages against Leontes' cruel and causeless behavior are the liveliest, by some measure, of the evening, the rare occasions when a spark of powerful feeling meets the tinder of Shakespeare's language, and a real conflagration results.