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a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
com)-- Cause Layouts[TM], the first and only free marketing layouts that provide charities with Cause-Based Social Media Fundraising[TM] tools on Facebook[R], is pleased to announce Kollette Alvord of Las Vegas as the winner of its October "Choose Your Cause" contest.
Writing in the Wall Street Journal in 2001 about a National Academy of Sciences report on global warming, Lindzen observed, "that there is no consensus, unanimous or otherwise, about long-term climate trends and what causes them.
More recently, however, the spoliation of evidence has resulted in the ability to assert an independent cause of action in tort.
These texts cause us to consider both what we are not opening ourselves up to and also those things that we are holding on to, which, like a millstone, cause us to drown.
The court disagreed, finding that the term "mental illness" was "ambiguous in that it could reasonably refer either to illnesses with nonphysical causes, or to illnesses with physical causes, but exhibiting both physical and non-physical symptoms.
If the brain and body respond in the same way that they do to many other drugs of abuse, this will show that toluene may cause addictive behavior in a similar way.
TPO defects are believed to be among the most frequent causes of abnormalities in thyroid iodide organification defect causing goitrous CH.
Below, we offer a list of common environmental causes of cancer.
Variation in material composition can cause melt temperature and/or viscosity variations.
Another colleague then identified the cause of the defect as some residual from the exothermic sleeves in the green sand.
Other causes of insomnia that involves frequent waking (sleep-maintenance insomnia) include obstructive sleep apnea, which can suddenly rouse a sufferer when the upper airway constricts and the sleeper can't breathe for a period of time, often awaking with a snort.
The agent can be transmitted by direct contact through the handling of an infected carcass and through tick or mosquito bites, which cause initial skin symptoms such as ulcers.