cavy


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cavy

(kā`vē), name for 14 species of South American rodents of the family Caviidae, including the domestic guinea pigguinea pig
, domesticated form of the cavy, Cavia porcellus, a South American rodent. It is unrelated to the pig; the name may refer to its shrill squeal. Guinea pigs were raised by the Incas and have long been used as food in South America.
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. The wild cavies are usually small, rounded, and tailless, with fur of a uniform shade of brown. Nocturnal animals, they occupy a variety of habitats, especially dense vegetation. An unusual, large species is the Patagonian cavy, or mara (Dolichotis patagonum), a long-legged, harelike animal that reaches a length of about 2 1-2 ft (76 cm) and lives in arid regions. The capybaracapybara
, mammal of Central and much of South America. It is the largest living member of the order Rodentia (the rodents) reaching a length of 4 ft (120 cm) and a weight of 75 to 100 lb (34–45 kg).
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 belongs to a related family. Some cavies are hunted for food in South America. Cavies are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Caviidae.

cavy

[′kā·vē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the rodents composing the family Caviidae, which includes the guinea pig, rock cavies, mountain cavies, capybara, salt desert cavy, and mara.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, herein it was characterized the development and maturation of the lung in the cavy by morphology and expression of markers involved in cellular proliferation, vascular growth, and identification of pluripotent cells.
In our study site, Taraborelli and Moreno (2009) performed behavioral observations of southern mountain cavy and registered sexual behaviors from August to March, with the first litters observed in September and the last ones in March.
(2011) observed that the origin of the femoral nerve in the rock cavy (Kerodon rupestris) in general changed between the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh lumbar spinal nerves, presenting symmetry at the source between the right and left antimeres in 80% and asymmetry in 20% of specimens, resembling in part the results obtained in this study.
These morphological characteristics were similar to those of the filiform papillae reported in the cavy's tongue, as described by Watanabe et al.
Each concentration has been injected in a single dose and in a single cavy with a time-lapse of 24 hours, in order to evaluate the mouse fate (eventual death or survival) and the variation and the modification for the further testing concentrations.
Columns I and J simply add the new cavys to the parents.
The guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also called cavy (in the native tongue, cuy), is a small rodent native to the Andean region of South America.
The American Rabbit Breeders Association (www.arba.net) is an organization dedicated to the promotion, development and improvement of the domestic rabbit and cavy. This web address has many good links to other rabbit sites.
The guinea pig is more accurately called a cavy, Cavia porcellus, and belongs to the suborder Hystricomorphic, or porcupine-like rodents.
For example, he discovered that vets often treated guinea pigs for parasitic skin problems when they were really suffering from fungal infestation caused by the dampness of our climate, in contrast to the dry conditions in the cavy's native South America.