cacique

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cacique

see CAUDILLISMO.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cacique

 

an Indian chieftain in Mexico, the West Indies, and Central America before the Spanish conquest. The post of cacique was usually hereditary in a particular clan or family. The caciques and their descendants formed the aristocratic elite among the Aztecs, Mayans, and other tribes. Some of the caciques went over to the side of the Spanish colonialists and became feudal landowners and officials.

In Latin America and in Spain, influential politicians from among landowners, the bourgeoisie, and the military who have seized power in a particular region of the country are called caciques. The system of administration whereby the central government exercises its authority in localities with the help of caciques has come to be known as caciquism.

REFERENCE

Zorita, A. Breve y sumaria relación de los señores de la nueva España. Mexico City, 1942.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[...] los caziques entre si respondieron unanimes: que desde luego nos recivian y azetavan todo lo propuesto como tambien lo havia ofrezido al senor Presidente en la Villa de Santa Barvara y que asi destinaremos en aquel paraxe el sitio que mejor nos pareciese para Iglesia y abitacion competente a cuya construccion concurririan asalariados su mozetones sin ser necesario otros peones estranos (...) habiendo labrado una alta Cruz y gravado en ella esta inscripcion en senal de nuestro establecimiento ano de mil septecientos cinquenta y ocho la coxieron a hombros los mismos infieles y con los demas concursantes se formo una prozesion con Salmos, Letanias e hignos propios de el asumto (38).