cell body


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Related to cell body: axon, Dendrites

cell body

[′sel ¦bäd·ē]
(neuroscience)
The part of a nerve cell (neuron) containing the nucleus and several cytoplasmic structures such as mitochondria and neurofibrils.
References in periodicals archive ?
Forty-eight hours into culture, CD117 [sup]+ CD34 [sup]+ cardiac TCs entered into cell division with an obvious invagination forming across the middle of the cell body [Figure 4]b.
action potential--The electrical signal that travels from the cell body of a neuron to the axon and allows a neuron to communicate with neighboring neurons or effector cells.
5 of the cell body depth, supported with vertical divergent ribs directed anteriorly-laterally.
Dendrites: The branched projections of a neuron that act to conduct the electrochemical stimulation received from other neural cells to the cell body, or soma, of the neuron from which the dendrites project.
Table 1 Cell body size variation observed on epimastigote forms cultivated in the presence of guaianolide (11,13-dehydrocompressanolide).
In nature, a mechanical stimulation of these cells results in a rapid contraction of the cell body and stalk (Fig.
The majority of this type of cell body is found in the medial preoptic area.
From the cell body to the terminal through the axon, nerve cells can be over a meter in length.
The cell body contains a nucleus, which controls all of the cell's activities, and several other structures that perform specific functions.
However, receptors located close to the base of an axon--which is where it meets the cell body and where nerve impulses originate-had a larger influence on the threshold than did receptors farther away.
Key diagnostic characters for the identification of the species include the cell body shape, primary ribs of the left sulcal list and the cingular list features (lateral pouch development, inclination of the upper cingular list).