censor


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censor

(sĕn`sər), title of two magistrates of ancient Rome (from c.443 B.C. to the time of Domitian). They took the census (by which they assessed taxation, voting, and military service) and supervised public behavior. They also had charge of public works and filled vacancies among the senators and knights.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Censor

 

in ancient Rome, one of the highest magistracies. There were two censors, who were elected by the comitia centuriata (Centuriate Assembly) once every five years. According to classical tradition, the office was created in 443 B.C. Originally held only by patricians, it was opened to plebeians in 351 B.C. The censors conducted the census, supervised morals, compiled lists of senators and equites (after the late fourth century), and administered state finances. The office gradually lost its importance, and under Sulla the censors were essentially deprived of their authority. Beginning with Julius Caesar in the mid-first century B.C, the Roman ruler assumed the power of the censors. Subsequently, in the imperial age the office was eliminated.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

censor

1. (in republican Rome) either of two senior magistrates elected to keep the list of citizens up to date, control aspects of public finance, and supervise public morals
2. Psychoanal the postulated factor responsible for regulating the translation of ideas and desires from the unconscious to the conscious mind
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Censors at Chinese internet companies say tools to detect and block content related to the 1989 crackdown have reached unprecedented levels of accuracy, aided by machine learning and voice and image recognition.
A member of the Punjab Film Censor Board revealed that the decision was made unanimously after the entire committee watched the two films together.
Talking to The Nation, Danyal Gilani said, 'Members of Central Board for film censors did not approve the trailer of Mulk as its content flout the Censorship of Film Code, 1980.'
It is also pertinent to mention here that the Sindh Film Censors cleared the film after making a few cuts, distributors confirmed.
Arora, who has produced the movie with the film's lead actress Anushka Sharma's banner Clean Slate Films, said: "They [the Pakistan censor board] seem to be taking random decisions.
But school bosses stuck seven "censored" stickers around the piece, which showed women kissing and holding hands in their underwear in front of the LGBT "rainbow flag".
The censors read through all the content of the letters and check their paper for intoxicating substances.
Protests from the film makers and many in the film fraternity made sure that more people knew about the film and its theme than the censor board wanted.
The Pahlaj Nihalani- helmed Central Board of Film Certification ( CBFC), or censor board, had demanded heavy cuts in Udta Punjab over use of cuss words, drug scenes and references to Punjab and Punjab politics.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- This time it is not a book, an article, a film or a piece of music that has been censored.