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censor

(sĕn`sər), title of two magistrates of ancient Rome (from c.443 B.C. to the time of Domitian). They took the census (by which they assessed taxation, voting, and military service) and supervised public behavior. They also had charge of public works and filled vacancies among the senators and knights.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Censor

 

in ancient Rome, one of the highest magistracies. There were two censors, who were elected by the comitia centuriata (Centuriate Assembly) once every five years. According to classical tradition, the office was created in 443 B.C. Originally held only by patricians, it was opened to plebeians in 351 B.C. The censors conducted the census, supervised morals, compiled lists of senators and equites (after the late fourth century), and administered state finances. The office gradually lost its importance, and under Sulla the censors were essentially deprived of their authority. Beginning with Julius Caesar in the mid-first century B.C, the Roman ruler assumed the power of the censors. Subsequently, in the imperial age the office was eliminated.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

censor

1. (in republican Rome) either of two senior magistrates elected to keep the list of citizens up to date, control aspects of public finance, and supervise public morals
2. Psychoanal the postulated factor responsible for regulating the translation of ideas and desires from the unconscious to the conscious mind
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Let [x.sub.ij] be an important time-dependent covariate which is subject to left censoring, measurement errors, and missing data (assuming missing at random).
Using induced percentile left censoring for improved model fitting, bootstrapping methods were used for better estimating the upper percentiles (90th, 95th, and 99th) and confidence intervals for green wood strand thickness for the face layer of OSB panels.
Hahn, Morgan and Schmee[6] applied the iterative least squares approach to analyse the results of a fractional factorial experiment involving censoring to the left.
When ATKOL asked what standards had been applied in censoring the titles, an AOL representative replied, "Downtown AOL does not have any written standards for its advertisements.
I don't want them getting off easy by merely censoring the availability of their repugnant material; that's irrelevant considering the magnitude of the issue.
Cronkite suggested that the World War II system of allowing press access but censoring copy worked better than restricting press access without censorship, although he noted that controlling the press for political reasons was unacceptable.
We decided that the printer ought to have the courage to own up to its censorship, so we asked them to black out the cartoon and explain that they were censoring it.
Laws concerning the abuse of the press were supposed to be written, but they did not materialize, allowing the government to rationalize the continuation of its censoring operations, but under completely new conditions.
"In retrospect, we may have been overzealous in censoring some images within the piece, and for that we apologise for any offence caused."
The list issued by the board censoring a list of ' abuses' has drawn flak not only from renowned personalities of the film world, but also its own members.
It isn't clear who is authorized to do the censoring. But Ahmadi-nejad from going down in history as some kind of flower child.
Clearly, the widow's words on free speech were as hollow as it gets because she doesn't give a damn that Snyder is part of a publicly-funded censoring organization.