censor

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censor

(sĕn`sər), title of two magistrates of ancient Rome (from c.443 B.C. to the time of Domitian). They took the census (by which they assessed taxation, voting, and military service) and supervised public behavior. They also had charge of public works and filled vacancies among the senators and knights.

Censor

 

in ancient Rome, one of the highest magistracies. There were two censors, who were elected by the comitia centuriata (Centuriate Assembly) once every five years. According to classical tradition, the office was created in 443 B.C. Originally held only by patricians, it was opened to plebeians in 351 B.C. The censors conducted the census, supervised morals, compiled lists of senators and equites (after the late fourth century), and administered state finances. The office gradually lost its importance, and under Sulla the censors were essentially deprived of their authority. Beginning with Julius Caesar in the mid-first century B.C, the Roman ruler assumed the power of the censors. Subsequently, in the imperial age the office was eliminated.

censor

1. (in republican Rome) either of two senior magistrates elected to keep the list of citizens up to date, control aspects of public finance, and supervise public morals
2. Psychoanal the postulated factor responsible for regulating the translation of ideas and desires from the unconscious to the conscious mind
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite advances in AI censorship, current-day tourist snaps in the square are sometimes unintentionally blocked, one of the censors said.
Please do watch it and give me your opinion why did the Pakistan Censor Board ban the film,' he said.
On Saturday, Pakistan's Federal Censor Board refused to gives its nod for the release of 'PadMan' saying it was against "traditions and culture of the country."
A photo of Xi standing up through the roof of a parade car, next to a picture of Winnie the Pooh in a toy car, was named the 'most censored image of 2015' by political consultancy Global Risk Insights.
The lovable honey-chasing bear's likeness was censored on the nation's top social media platforms over the weekend.
Since the inmates know that their letters are checked by the censors, attempts to send deciphered information are rare, but some people have used mail to send into prisons prohibited items like: intoxicating substances, SIM cards, money or memory cards.
The order that was passed by the revising committee is set aside and the censor board has been directed to issue certification to the film as per the direction of the High Court," the film's director Abhishek Chaubey told reporters on Monday after the judgement, which allows the film to release on its stipulated date June 17.
"The cleavage was blurred as per the censor board's instruction.
"If the Qoran hadn't been sent by God and we had handed it to our book censors, they wouldn't have issued permission to publish it and would have argued that some of the words in it are against public virtue," he said.
King suspects those patterns show that censors are being used as a tool to dampen or otherwise shape the public response to forthcoming news.
Attempts to publish Dr No, he said, were met with "fierce opposition" by Spanish censors, who said that it subverted the moral values of the country, with a translation presented in 1960 rejected outright and substantial cuts imposed on a version five years later.
The censors were asked to act like critics; after all, censura was in early modernity often enough a synonym for critica (107).