censor

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censor

(sĕn`sər), title of two magistrates of ancient Rome (from c.443 B.C. to the time of Domitian). They took the census (by which they assessed taxation, voting, and military service) and supervised public behavior. They also had charge of public works and filled vacancies among the senators and knights.

Censor

 

in ancient Rome, one of the highest magistracies. There were two censors, who were elected by the comitia centuriata (Centuriate Assembly) once every five years. According to classical tradition, the office was created in 443 B.C. Originally held only by patricians, it was opened to plebeians in 351 B.C. The censors conducted the census, supervised morals, compiled lists of senators and equites (after the late fourth century), and administered state finances. The office gradually lost its importance, and under Sulla the censors were essentially deprived of their authority. Beginning with Julius Caesar in the mid-first century B.C, the Roman ruler assumed the power of the censors. Subsequently, in the imperial age the office was eliminated.

censor

1. (in republican Rome) either of two senior magistrates elected to keep the list of citizens up to date, control aspects of public finance, and supervise public morals
2. Psychoanal the postulated factor responsible for regulating the translation of ideas and desires from the unconscious to the conscious mind
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, the members of Punjab Film Censor Board refused to watch the film saying it was based on a "taboo subject" and outrightly rejected any clearance certificate to it.
The amount of mail that has to be checked at Latvia's largest prisons --Riga Central Prison and Daugavgriva Prison--is higher, with each censor processing around 180 letters a day at Riga Central Prison, and around 300 letters at Daugavgriva Prison.
The Pahlaj Nihalani- helmed Central Board of Film Certification ( CBFC), or censor board, had demanded heavy cuts in Udta Punjab over use of cuss words, drug scenes and references to Punjab and Punjab politics.
He said in many instances censors had based their decisions on personal opinions, adding that many reviewers lacked the necessary expertise.
Pope Benedict XIV's constitution Sollicita ac provida (1753) laid down for the first time rules for how the Church should investigate and censor a book.
Banned telenovela scripts, and the negotiation process between censors, TV managers and telenovela writers prior to the programme's actual broadcast, are illustrative of the complementary information that could never be obtained from audiovisual archives alone.
Google has rolled out a new tool to reveal to the "average Joe" the number of governments' requests to censor information and to release data about Google users.
Even when the Chinese site is available, it can seem so different from the English site that it might have been written by the censors themselves.
In the 1960s, Kent produced, directed and wrote four fresh, unusual and sexually frank features that pushed boundaries, upset critics and had the censors tied up in knots.
It's not up to them to shield their readers from ideas that may be "inflammatory" or to set up shop as censors who are empowered to make decisions on which ads are "appropriate" or "inappropriate.
FILM censors have poured cold water on a raunchy advert featuring a couple having sex in a railway station.