centipede


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Related to centipede: house centipede, centipede bite

centipede,

common name for members of a single class, Chilopoda, of the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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. Centipedes are the most familiar of the myriapodous arthropods, which consist of five groups of arthropods that had a separate origin from other arthropods. Centipedes are widely distributed in temperate and tropical lands, living in the soil or surface litter, and under logs or rocks. The largest species, Scolopendra gigantea, may reach 12 in. (30 cm) in length; many other tropical species are over 6 in. (15 cm) long. Temperate species are usually only about 1 in. (2.5 cm) long. The flattened body is divided into a head and a trunk composed of segments, or somites. The head bears long antennae, jaws, and two pairs of maxillae used for food-handling. Although the name centipede means "hundred-legged," the average is actually about 35 pairs of legs, one pair on each body segment except for the last two, the pregenital and genital segments. The appendages of the trunk's first segment are modified into claws that are equipped with poison glands and are used to kill or stun prey. Larger centipedes can cause a painful bite, but the poison is not powerful enough to cause death in humans. Centipedes are chiefly nocturnal and predominantly carnivorous, feeding on insects or other small arthropods, though the largest species can kill small vertebrates. Sexes are separate, and some species have extensive courtship ceremonies. Members of the orders Lithobiomorpha and Scutigeromorpha have 15 pairs of legs as adults. These centipedes release eggs singly in the soil. Not all of the body segments are present at the time of hatching, and the young add somites and pairs of legs as they molt. Lithobiomorphs are widely distributed in temperate and subtropical regions. The swift scutigeromorphs have very long legs; the last pair is often extended to the rear, serving as posterior tactile appendages. Although especially abundant in the tropics, they include Scutigera forceps, the rather common house centipede of temperate climates. The house centipede has long, delicate legs and compound eyes. It feeds on roaches, clothes moths, and other insects. Members of the orders Geophilomorpha and Scolopendromorpha produce clusters of eggs, which are guarded while they develop. A full set of body segments and legs is present at hatching. Geophilomorphs have very long, slender bodies with from 31 to over 180 pairs of short legs. They are burrowing forms and are found in the soil from temperate to tropical regions. The scolopendromorphs are also widely distributed, but are more abundant in the tropics. They have from 21 to 23 pairs of legs and include the largest and most colorful centipede species.

centipede

[′sent·ə‚pēd]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for an arthropod of the class Chilopoda.

centipede

any carnivorous arthropod of the genera Lithobius, Scutigera, etc., having a body of between 15 and 190 segments, each bearing one pair of legs: class Chilopoda
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the new branding, PortaMate products and Centipede Tool's work stations will be combined, along with the BORA Tool line, into BORA PortaMate as the main overarching brand for the company.
21 December 2017 - Michigan, US-based tool company Affinity Tool Works, LLC has acquired New Mexico, US-based Centipede Support System manufacturer Centipede Tool, LLC as part of restreaming and rebranding BORA PortaMate product lines, the company said.
In Asia Thereuonema tuberculata, the Japanese house centipede, might be synanthropic throughout parts of its native range from China through Japan and superficially resembles S.
National Geographic reports that the amphibious centipede is a family member of the Scolopendra and grows up to 20 centimeters (7.
on 7 Dec 2014, while searching for specimens of Scolopendra alternans Leach, 1813 (Scolopendromorpha: Scolopendridae) for research on the evolution of centipede venom, we discovered a large population of unknown centipedes in and around the property of the Island Christian School campus in Islamorada (24.
Jennie Esler was unaware the Peruvian giant centipede - one of the largest of its kind in the world and toxic to humans - had crawled into her suitcase as she packed to return to home to Bristol.
Tygarrup javanicus (Attems) a geophilomorph centipede new to the British Isles.
One of the researchers from the University of Belgrade turned over a stone and found the dead 8-inch viper and the 6-inch centipede crawling out.
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Coulson uncovers vital information about the mystery of his death during the Chitauri invasion but, with Centipede out for blood, this knowledge may come at the cost of one of the team.
The scolopendromorpli Scolopendra gigantea Linnaeus, 1758 is the only centipede species that can grow to 27.
A chemical in centipede venom wipes out pain just as well as morphine does, a study in mice shows.