apnea

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apnea

[′ap·nē·ə]
(medicine)
A transient cessation of respiration.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of the patient's medical history and a physical examination will help identify the medical disorders that can cause central sleep apnea.
Cardiac resynchronizationtherapy improves central sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration in patients with chronic heart failure.
Complex sleep apnea is a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
In contrast to OSA, central sleep apnea (CSA) is defined as a lack of airflow accompanied by a lack of respiratory effort, reflecting impairments in brain areas controlling breathing.
Instead, when these patients used CPAP, they exhibited symptoms characteristic of central sleep apnea.
Central sleep apnea is less common and occurs when the brain doesn't send the right signals to start the breathing muscles.
Most of the available literature on the development of sleep apnea following radiation has focused on obstructive sleep apnea, (11-13) but it should be kept in mind that central sleep apnea may also occur, as Udwadia et al noted in a report detailing radiation necrosis of the medulla with resultant central apneas.
In central sleep apnea, the airway remains clear but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe.
However, Jack Feldman of the University of California, Los Angeles and his colleagues hypothesize in an upcoming Nature Neuroscience that the heart shutdown is actually the result of a condition known as central sleep apnea.
Rachel suffers from three disorders - central sleep apnea, which basically means her brain tells her to stop breathing while she sleeps; severe seizure disorder; and narcolepsy.

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