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1. (in ancient Rome) a unit of foot soldiers, originally 100 strong, later consisting of 60 to 80 men
2. (in ancient Rome) a division of the people for purposes of voting
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in ancient Rome, a military and political division of the citizenry. According to classical tradition, the Roman cavalry was divided into centuries in the regal period (eighth-sixth centuries B.C.). The reform by which the century became a general military and electoral unit is attributed to King Servius Tullius (sixth century B.C.). It divided all citizens into five property classifications; each classification supplied a fixed number of centuries and received a corresponding number of votes in the comitia centuriata (Centuriate Assembly). The initial total of 193 centuries was increased to 373 between the First and Second Punic wars. The century retained its importance as a military subdivision under the empire, when it was part of a cohort in a legion.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In doing these dances, Judith was learning some dances that had been danced in America for centuries. As British colonies, ECD had been done in Colonial Assemblies in the 18th century; indeed, George Washington's political status was enhanced by his renown as a dancer.
Throughout the centuries Christianity was challenged by divergent interpretations of doctrine, the appearance of new and often strange spiritual movements, struggles between the church and civil rulers, and chronic abuses on the part of church leaders themselves.
The Roman genius for order soon led to innovations in military science that made the Roman legions a virtually invincible fighting force for centuries. But Rome's military successes engendered a love of conflict and conquest that hastened her undoing.
Dedicated to the lives, ideas, and writings of major Muslim scholars who have contributed to Islamic thought throughout the centuries, this series aims to bring out scholarly monographs for the general public.
GODFREY EVANS 2 centuries, Best: 104 v West Indies at Old Trafford, 1950 and 104 v India at Lord's, 1952
Their focus was on the abstract "text." In theory, the school of reader-response criticism aspired to recapture the perceptions of literary works in the minds of readers of previous centuries, but in fact, especially for the Middle Ages and Renaissance, they did so solely on the basis of texts as presented in modern editions.
History, being a frequent and typical Baroque theme of school dramas, especially for the Jesuits, was used for centuries to give examples of the works of Providence marking the right choice of man between his frail world and divine eternity.
Anselm of Canterbury in the eleventh century, carrying through the twelfth and thirteenth centuries with St.
Over the centuries, other epidemic diseases (leprosy, smallpox, dysentery) were recorded in the archives of Dubrovnik, and other specialized institutions (e.g., leprosaria) were organized outside the city.
The rise of what was first identified as vocational guidance in the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was directly associated with major shifts from a national economy that was primarily based in agriculture to an economy that was, as part of the industrial revolution that was spilling over from Europe to the United States, increasingly based in manufacturing and industrial processes.
Actually, these were replays, using modern rhetoric, of the relationship between the Jewish communities in the land of Israel and in the Diaspora that had prevailed for many centuries. By definition, the Jews who dwelt in the land of Israel had always felt they were living a more difficult life, but one much closer to Jewish authenticity.
One bridge, of course, is those who will live a significant proportion of their lives in both the present and the next centuries. They can, to some extent, prepare themselves.