century


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century

1. (in ancient Rome) a unit of foot soldiers, originally 100 strong, later consisting of 60 to 80 men
2. (in ancient Rome) a division of the people for purposes of voting

Century

 

in ancient Rome, a military and political division of the citizenry. According to classical tradition, the Roman cavalry was divided into centuries in the regal period (eighth-sixth centuries B.C.). The reform by which the century became a general military and electoral unit is attributed to King Servius Tullius (sixth century B.C.). It divided all citizens into five property classifications; each classification supplied a fixed number of centuries and received a corresponding number of votes in the comitia centuriata (Centuriate Assembly). The initial total of 193 centuries was increased to 373 between the First and Second Punic wars. The century retained its importance as a military subdivision under the empire, when it was part of a cohort in a legion.

References in periodicals archive ?
Eric Hobswam is not atypical of modern historians when he says that for the purposes of political, economic, military, and ideological classifications, the 20th century began with the first world war, and ended in 1991 with the implosion of the Soviet Union.
Twentieth Century Fox, a unit of Rupert Murdoch's Sydney-based News Corp.
Insurance is a given-any contractor who works for us must have an insurance certificate naming our buildings and Century as additional insureds.
It is not self-evident that the relations of the individual to society, credit to real wealth, production to consumption etc were any more resolved in the mid-twentieth century than in the 1750s.
In the chapter on reading the Latin classics, Black argues that thirteenth-century Italian schools paid little attention to the classics, but that the fourteenth century embraced them.
Cultural relativism gained credence in the twentieth century, thanks to the new field of anthropology and the belief in European decline that spread after the bloody debacle of the First World War.
Quantifying millennial positions among Baptists is impossible for most of the century.
Companies that have 2000 or 20th Century in their names may feel compelled to make a change, lest they become dated overnight.
American Century has made investing more accessible by lowering the initial minimum investment level to only $500 (with an automatic monthly investment of $100 until their account balance reaches $2,500).
By the late sixteenth century this system was becoming overburdened.
Another important aesthetic element in the 18th century is the frequent comparison of music to oratory or speech, as, for instance, Mattheson's in 1739: ".