Blood collection from the anterior vena cava or jugular vein was performed much faster compared to saphenous and cephalic veins
. This led to a reduced mean anaesthesia time of 5:33 (2:37-13:00) minutes compared to 10:19 (6:30-21:15) minutes.
In the 2nd century, AD, Galen of Pergamon transposed his observations made on monkeys onto humans and claimed that the cephalic vein
(Galen's humeral vein) "arose" from the external jugular vein and encircling the clavicle "ran towards the periphery" .
The relatively steep learning curve of axillary vein puncture is an issue, and innovations in the axillary vein puncture have been proposed recently, such as using the cephalic vein
as anatomic landmark,[sup] introducing guidewire retrogradely from the femoral vein up to the left axillary vein as roadmap,[sup] and utilizing the caudal fluoroscopic view.[sup] These innovations may help optimize the axillary vein puncture technique.
The cephalic vein
is the second choice; while it is often more difficult to palpate, it is well anchored by its surrounding tissue.
They always tried to identify the cephalic vein
The sensor was placed on an outer side of a hand above thickest vessel named "accessory cephalic vein
With the deltoid and the cephalic vein
retracted laterally, the smaller branches of the cephalic vein
are coagulated or tied.
Flow-by oxygen was provided on presentation, an 18 gauge intravenous catheter was immediately placed in the left cephalic vein
, and a 1 liter bolus of lactated ringer's solution was given rapidly.
As noted above, venous tissues were resected from a venous Segment of an overflow AV fistula from 6patientsand from a normal cephalic vein
from 4 other patients.
Of the 19 PICC lines placed in the cephalic vein
, 21% migrated inferiorly and medially (mean 1.36 cm), 15.7% migrated laterally (mean 1.75 cm), and 63.3% did not change position.
Typical sites for creation of a native AV fistula are the wrist (connecting the radial artery to the cephalic vein
) or the elbow (connecting the brachial artery to the cephalic vein
** Vessels utilized: cephalic vein
, accessory cephalic vein
, medial and lateral saphenous veins, auricular vein, jugular vein, and vena cava (accessed via jugular)