Jugular foramen involvement does not fit into the cephalocele
Caption: Figure 3: Orbital MR ((a) sagittal scan, (b) coronal scan) showed an area of bone discontinuity in the anterior right orbital roof with adjacent cephalocele
(extraconic) and a frontobasal area of encephalomalacia related to trauma.
Isolated sphenoid sinus disease is unusual and one should at least consider the possibility of a cephalocele
with a rounded soft tissue density in the sphenoid sinus.
The differential diagnosis included ranula (salivary gland pseudocyst), cephalocele
, hygroma, or epignathus--a teratoma arising from the soft palate or facial bones.
Anatomical and embryological considerations in the repair of a large vertex cephalocele
. J Neurosurg 1999;90:537-41.
Jugular fossa meningoceles may not fit exactly into skull base cephalocele
Contemporary diagnosis and management of anterior skull base cephalocele
and cerebrospinal fluid leaks.
Nasal cerebral heterotopia: Nasal atretic cephalocele
. Neurocirugia (Astur) 2002; 13:385-8.