cephalopelvic disproportion

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cephalopelvic disproportion

[¦sef·ə·lō¦pel·vik ‚dis·prə′pȯr·shən]
(medicine)
A condition in which the fetus is unable to pass safely through the pelvis during labor because of pelvic contraction, an unfavorable fetal position, or a large fetal head in relation to pelvic size. Abbreviated CPD.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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The exclusion criteria being Foetal distress, Cephalopelvic disproportion, Placenta previa type 2 posterior 3,4, Malpresentation, Multifoetal gestation, Pregnancy with medical disorder, Patients unwilling to give consent, noncephalic presentation, intrauterine growth restriction, oligohydramnios, polyhydramnios, pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, foetal congenital anomaly, hydrocephalus or cystic hygroma.
Women with genital tract anomalies and suspected cephalopelvic disproportion were exlusion of this study.
The acceptance criteria for both the groups were (a) older than 18 years, (b) being a primigravida, (c) having the birth on time ([greater than or equal to]38th week), (d) singleton pregnancy, (e) having no risk for pregnancy except obesity (preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, early membrane rupture, etc.), (f) having no complications in the post-partum period, (g) having no operative vaginal deliveries, (h) having deliveries with elective cesarean because of cephalopelvic disproportion, (i) having no diagnosed psychological problems, (j) being together with the newborn in the postpartum period, and (k) acceptance to participate in the study.
Obstructed labour is a well-known clinical entity, and cephalopelvic disproportion is the most common cause.
CS because of cephalopelvic disproportion, fetal distress, and labor stagnation was considered an emergency CS as it was performed after the onset of labor.
Face presentation is associated with multiparity, macrosomia, cephalopelvic disproportion, prematurity, polyhydramnios, and fetal anomalies (such as anencephaly or cervical mass) (9).
Signs of cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) leading to obstructed labour must, however, be excluded.
Obstetric practice and cephalopelvic disproportion in Glasgow between 1840 and 1900.
Indications for caesarean section were fetal distress (3; 75%), and cephalopelvic disproportion (1; 25%), and indications for operative vaginal deliveries were maternal exhaustion, delayed second stage, suspicion of fetal compromise, and imminent perineal laceration.