cephalothin


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cephalothin

[′sef·ə·lə·thən]
(microbiology)
An antibiotic derived from the fungus Cephalosporium, resembling penicillin units in structure and activity, and effective against many gram-positive cocci that are resistant to penicillin.
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Antibiotic resistance profile of Brevibacterium linens and Bacillus subtilis where 1, Amikacin (AK); 2, Cefepime (CPM); 3, Ticarcillin (TC); 4, Piperacillin (PRL); 5, Gentamicin (GM); 6, Colistin (CL); 7, Rifampicin (RIF); 8, Penicillin G (PG); 9, Imipenem (IMI); 10, Cephalothin (KF); 11, Clindamycin (CD); 12, Cotrimoxazole (TS); 13, Erythromycin (E); 14, Ampicillin (AP).
coli, 13% of the isolated strains have shown resistance to the antibiotics amoxicillin with clavulanate, ampicillin, cephalothin, cefepime, cefoxitin, ceftazidime, cefuroxime and meropenem.
The following antibiotics were used for bacteria isolated from urine cultures; amikacin (30ug), (20ug of amoxicillin + 10ug of clavulanate), cefotaxime (30ug), cephalothin (30ug), gentamycin (10ug), nalidixic acid (30ug), nitrofurantion (300ug), norfloxacin (10ug), sulfamethoxazole (100ug) and vancomycin (30ug) (Bioanalyse, Turkey).
n=24 n=4 n=16 n=11 Amikacin 25 0 81 36 Gentamicin 79 100 100 64 Ertapenem 92 100 94 100 Imipenem 17 25 94 36 Meropenem 50 75 94 46 Cephalothin 92 0 100 100 Cefuroxim 92 100 100 100 Cefoxitin 70 75 100 100 Ceftazidim 92 100 100 55 Ceftriaxon 92 100 100 100 Cefepime 83 100 100 46 Azitronam 92 100 100 64 Ampicillin 100 100 100 100 Amoxicillin/ 92 100 100 100 clavulanic Piperacillin/ 88 100 100 46 tazobactam Colistin 25 0 0 0 Trimethoprim- 59 0 75 64 sulfamethoxazole Nitrofuranton 83 100 100 100 Ciprofloxacin 83 100 100 55 Levofloxacin 79 100 94 55 Antibiotic Organisms (percentage resistance) E.
Antibiotics used in these studies were amikacin (Ak) amoxicillin (Am) ampicillin (A) carbenicillin (Ca) cefixime (Cfm) ceftizoxime (Cxm) ceftriaxone (Cz) cephalothin (Cl) chloramphenicol (C) ciprofloxacin (Cip) co-trimoxazole (Co) enoxacin (E) erythromycin (Er) gentamicin (G) kanamycin (K) nalidixic acid (Na) penicillin (P) streptomycin (S) sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SxT) and tetracycline (T).
Screening of Gramnegative bacteria recovered from fresh and salad vegetables obtained at retail outlets in Germany, Finland, and the United States revealed high incidence of resistance (70-90%) to the beta-lactam antibiotics, ampicillin, and cephalothin (31,38-39).
navarrensis n = 1) were challenged with gentamicin (GEN; 10 [micro]g), streptomycin (STR; 10 [micro]g), ampicillin (AMP; 10 [micro]g), penicillin G (PEN; 10 U), imipenem (IPM; 10 [micro]g), cephalothin (CET; 30 [micro]g), ceftriaxone (CRO; 30 [micro]g), chloramphenicol (CHO; 30 [micro]g), aztreonam (ATM; 30 [micro]g), nitrofurantoin (NIT; 300 [micro]g), nalidixic acid (NAL; 30 [micro]g), sulfame-thoxazole-trimethoprim (SUT; 25 [micro]g) and tetracycline (TCY; 30 [micro]g) using the modified disk diffusion method (Bauer et al.
All isolates were resistant to the antimicrobial agents cefazolin (CZ), cefotaxime (CTX), cephalothin (CF), doxycycline (D), nalidixic Acid (NA), and oxacillin (OX).
coli isolates for their resistance to various antibiotics: rifampicin, tetracycline, erythromycin, cephalothin, streptomycin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin clavulanate.
The susceptibilities of the isolates to 16 antibiotics (Cecon, Brazil) commonly used in veterinary and human medicine (penicillin G 10 [micro]g, ampicillin 10 [micro]g, oxacillin 1 [micro]g, vancomycin 30 [micro]g, cephalothin 30 [micro]g, imipenem 10 [micro]g, erythromycin 15 [micro]g, clindamycin 2 [micro]g, lincomycin 2 [micro]g, streptomycin 10 [micro]g, tobramycin 10 [micro]g, amikacin 30 [micro]g, gentamicin 10 [micro]g, tetracycline 30 [micro]g, chloramphenicol 30 [micro]g and rifampicin 30 [micro]g) were performed by the disk diffusion method observing the recommendation of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI, 2007).
Susceptibility profile was tested by disc-diffusion agar (CLSI 2009) with the following drugs: amikacin, ampicillin, ampicillin + sulbactam, cephalothin, cefoxitin, cefpime, caeftazidime, ceftriaxone, gentamicin, imipenem, meropenem, piperacillin, quinolones, and sulfazotrim ticarcillin + clavulanic acid (Table 1).