hemorrhage

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Related to cerebral hemorrhage: cerebral aneurysm, Subarachnoid hemorrhage

hemorrhage

(hĕm`ərĭj), escape of blood from the circulation (arteries, veins, capillaries) to the internal or external tissues. The term is usually applied to a loss of blood that is copious enough to threaten health or life. Slow bleeding may lead to anemiaanemia
, condition in which the concentration of hemoglobin in the circulating blood is below normal. Such a condition is caused by a deficient number of erythrocytes (red blood cells), an abnormally low level of hemoglobin in the individual cells, or both these conditions
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, while the sudden loss of a large amount of blood may cause shockshock,
any condition in which the circulatory system is unable to provide adequate circulation to the body tissues, also called circulatory failure or circulatory collapse. Shock results in the slowing of vital functions and in severe cases, if untreated, in death.
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. Hemorrhage from a cerebral artery can be fatal because of interference with brain function. Many diseases and disorders (e.g., hemophilia, hemorrhagic fevers, hemorrhoids, peptic ulcer, scurvy, tuberculosis, and typhoid fever) as well as childbirth and many injuries can give rise to hemorrhage. Internal hemorrhage may require surgical intervention. See first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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.

Hemorrhage

 

escape of blood from blood vessels that have been injured as a result of trauma or vascular disease.

Hemorrhages may be arterial (scarlet blood spurts like a fountain), venous (a flow of dark blood), capillary, or mixed. The intensity of bleeding depends on the size of the injured vessel and the condition of its wall. Blood may flow to the outside, into the lumen or body of an organ (stomach, intestine, brain), or into a cavity (abdominal, pleural). Bleeding is accompanied by pallor of the skin and mucosa, dizziness, weakness, dyspnea, thirst, a drop in arterial pressure, and a weak and rapid pulse. A large and rapid blood loss (25 percent of the blood volume or 4—4.5 percent of the body weight) produces loss of consciousness and may result in death. Persons weakened by a disease can be severely affected by even a small blood loss. In persons with atherosclerosis of the blood vessels, bleeding continues longer and is more difficult to stop. Bleeding in hemophilia patients, which arises when there is the slightest trauma, is extremely persistent.

Measures for stopping bleeding depend on its cause and source. Arrest of bleeding may be temporary or permanent. For temporarily stopping bleeding, a tourniquet, or pressure bandage, is applied to the extremities; vasoconstrictors, ice, or hemo-static sponges (on wounds) are also used. These measures often lead to complete cessation of bleeding; if bleeding does not stop it becomes necessary to resort to surgical methods (ligation of the vessel, suturing, removal of the injured or affected organ or of part of it) to achieve permanent cessation of bleeding. Blood transfusion or transfusion of blood substitutes that increase blood coagulation is a necessary part of treatment to control hemorrhage.

A. B. GALITSKII

hemorrhage

[′hem·rij]
(medicine)
The escape of blood from the vascular system.

haemorrhage

(US), hemorrhage
profuse bleeding from ruptured blood vessels
References in periodicals archive ?
Although both antioxidant enzymes and nonenzymatic antioxidant levels show changes in the cerebral hemorrhage patient, it still not possible to determine whether these changes are the cause or the result of oxidative stress after ICH, due to a lack of data on the antioxidant levels of patients before onset.
On the other hand, treating that source with systemic anticoagulation carries the risk of exacerbating the preexisting cerebral hemorrhage, especially given the size of his initial infarcts.
Their research focused on the missing link between diabetes and cerebral hemorrhage.
Woodrow, 59, collapsed at his west Eugene office; an autopsy showed the cause of death to be a nontraumatic spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage, not a heart attack as previously reported.
Hoff, 48, a resident of the Bishop House, died peacefully Sunday, January 4th in UMass-Memorial Hospital after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage.
The South Korean presidential office said last week that its intelligence suggests that Kim is recovering from a stroke caused by a cerebral hemorrhage and that his condition is not likely to be serious.
In the Guangyuan area of Sichuan, a 60-year-old woman died of cerebral hemorrhage after she panicked during the strong quakes, while a 24-year-old man was seriously injured after jumping from a two-story building in a panic.
When Roosevelt dies, Robbins's plot implies that it was not caused by a cerebral hemorrhage, as history would have us believe.
Three patients developed fatal cerebral hemorrhage after tPA treatment.
One patient in the surgery group died of a cerebral hemorrhage.
The aim is to wean him from a respirator that has helped him breathe since a massive stroke and cerebral hemorrhage early this month.
He'll be missed: Mike Peck, assistant editor of the Southern California Golf Association's Fore Magazine for nearly 20 years, died Friday at age 62, three days after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage.