That physical objects exist is one of the certainties which "constitute what we mean by reality" (Le Roy Finch, 1977, p.
In fact, beliefs and certainties are shown in the spontaneity with which we use language and carry out the most basic actions.
According to GC, conditionalization applies only when the set of certainties
between times j and k increases.
On May 8, men who helped stub out Hitler's Thousand-Year Reich would take over Nuremberg's stage as victors, with certainties
and answers of their own: They were certain they were going home, where they planned to answer Yes!
I began this very informal little talk, by remarking that there are things above opinion and that the first thing we must do when we think of our duties in the shaping of our opinions is to have the deepest regard for those things that are above opinion, such as revealed propositions, those obscure propositions that are guaranteed by the best of all witnesses, the Divine Witness, the Word of God, or natural certainties
, concerning for instance murder, assassination, and a few other moral topics.
And if the old certainties
are fireproof against a changing world, what of the new certainties
For the purposes of this Bible study, let me tell you of one of my certainties
. It is that the church as the locally gathered community of believers does not have just the opportunity or even the responsibility but the duty of discerning the mind of Christ in their understanding and practice of faith.
The problem is that belief often hardens into dogma and false certainties
, while doubt can dissolve into confusion and anxiety.
His main problems stemmed from seeking to proclaim a faith to meet the demands of an indeterminate future rather than acting as palace guard for perceived traditional certainties
. He was aware that a paradox exists in that, "...
Many of my generation have experienced pain and sorrow as the ideas and certainties
we grew up with have been criticized or debunked.
Occasionally, ideas that seem open to challenge are similarly certainties
. "The propagation of Christianity to justify seizure of territory and wealth is the mainspring of early modern imperialism" (297), for example (later a "struggle" is also a mainspring ).
(Not that any of these philosophers except for James, Dewey, and possibly Quine would have considered themselves pragmatists; but Rorty shows the pragmatist implications of their work.) The common thread of this tradition is the attempt to cure us of our thirst for metaphysical essences and timeless certainties
, to show how the secular fascination with the possibility of ahistorical absolutes simply repeats the religious quest for theological sanctuary.