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, Caesarian (US), Cesarean, Cesarian
1. of or relating to any of the Caesars, esp Julius Caesar (100--44 bc), Roman general, statesman, and historian
2. Surgery
a. short for Caesarean section
b. (as modifier): Caesarean birth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an operation for artificial delivery of a fetus in which the fetus and placenta are removed through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and the body of the uterus.

A cesarean is performed on a live fetus when the woman is unable without assistance to bear the child alive (when the pelvis is narrow or deformed or in the presence of severe cicatricial changes of the vagina or placenta praevia). When there is excessive or acute hemorrhage, a cesarean is performed even on a dead or nonviable fetus in order to save the mother. The term “cesarean” formerly was incorrectly associated with the legend of the birth of the Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar by means of a similar operation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Maternal complications may be the result of the condition that led to the cesarean delivery rather than from the surgical procedure, producing an apparent association between cesarean delivery and maternal complications," said Diane Korb, lead researcher of the study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Makoha and colleagues[8] also noted increased maternal morbidity, including placenta previa, placenta accreta, hysterectomy, adhesions, bladder injury,[9] postoperative hemoglobin deficit, and need for blood transfusion with increasing number of cesarean deliveries.
Non-Category-1 (Category 2 and 3) included cesarean sections performed for indications that posed no immediate threat to life of woman or fetus but required early delivery.
We were primarily interested in timing of cesarean delivery among women with antepartum indications for cesarean, but where early-term timing of delivery was not specifically indicated, as such deliveries were a primary target of the policy.
Overall, 47 percent of the 6,444 pregnant women with HIV delivered by cesarean. The researchers found that there was an increase in cesarean delivery from 30 percent in 1998 to 48 percent in 2013.
The study, said first author John Francescon, was the first to link excess GWG with the risk of having a cesarean delivery that was not planned.
Risk factors associated with infection following cesarean section.
Conclusion: Cesarean delivery rate was mainly influenced by previous cesarean.
Increased success of trial of labor after previous vaginal birth after cesarean. Obstet Gynecol 2004;104:7159.
The study found particularly strong associations between higher cesarean rates and concentrations of obstetrician-gynecologists per female resident as well as the numbers of hospital beds per resident.
These women should visit a specialist obstetrician to discuss the options of delivery before 36 weeks gestationso that they become aware of the risks and benefits of both vaginal birth andelective/planned cesarean explainsDr Tasneem Husaini Rangwala, Specialist Gynaecologist, Zulekha Hospital,Dubai.