cesarean section


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cesarean section

(sĭzâr`ēən), delivery of an infant by surgical removal from the uterus through an abdominal incision. The operation is of ancient origin: indeed, the name derives from the legend that Julius Caesar was born in this fashion. Until advancements in the late 19th cent., the mother generally died in surgery. The procedure was also aided by antisepsis, anesthetics, and other developments that made surgery as a whole more successful. Cesarean section is performed nowadays when factors exist that make natural childbirth hazardous, such as an abnormally narrow pelvis, pelvic tumors, hemorrhage, active infection with herpes simplexherpes simplex
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, multiple births, or an abnormal position of the fetus within the uterus. Subsequent deliveries are largely also by cesarean section. In the last few decades there has been a significant increase in the number of cesarean sections performed; among the factors encouraging the rise are the increase in malpractice litigation arising from problems attendant to vaginal deliveries and the information provided by the many new devices that monitor the well-being of the fetus in the uterus.

cesarean section

[sə′zer·ē·ən ′sek·shən]
(medicine)
Delivery of the fetus through an abdominal incision.
References in periodicals archive ?
When rural family physicians perform cesarean section services, patients can expect excellent outcomes.
found that higher order (5-9) repeat cesarean sections were associated with a longer operating time when compared with lower order (3 or 4) repeat CSs.3 The main reason for increased operating time was diffuculties experienced with dissection of the abdominal wall and separation of the bladder from the lower uterine segment due to severe adhesions.
Khursheed F,Sirichand P,Jatoi N.Intra-operative complications encountered inpatients with repeated cesarean sections. J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci, 2009; 08: 76-9
The odds of receiving a blood transfusion were greater among women who had had an assisted vaginal delivery, who had undergone a medically necessary cesarean section before labor or who had had an elective cesarean delivery during labor (odds ratios, 2.1 -4.7) than among women who had had a spontaneous vaginal birth.
* The indication for the previous cesarean section should not be present for the current pregnancy.
Effect of multiple repeat cesarean sections on maternal morbidity: data from Southeast Turkey.
The sample consisted of patients with elective or emergency cesarean section on a volunteer basis.
Bupivacaine is commonly used for induction of spinal anesthesia during cesarean section. Hyperbaric 0.5% bupivacaine and hyperbaric 0.75% bupivacaine are two commonly used concentrations of bupivacaine.
The quantity of obstetric deliveries increased, and the number of pregnant women with an elder maternal age and history of cesarean section increased.
An essential part of improving the experience of cesarean section consists in avoiding separation of mother and child including skin to skin contact immediately after birth in the operating theatre [3, 4].
This traditional approach is being challenged now-a-days, although the safety of early feeding after cesarean section is still controversial.1
Woman undergoes cesarean section operationC[degrees].